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ponderings on Turing and Searle, why AI can't work and shouldn't be pursued

I was reading about the Turing test and John Searle's response (Chinese room argument) in "Minds, Brains, and Programs" 1980. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_room
"...there is no essential difference between the roles of the computer and himself in the experiment. Each simply follows a program, step-by-step, producing a behavior which is then interpreted by the user as demonstrating intelligent conversation. However, Searle himself would not be able to understand the conversation. ("I don't speak a word of Chinese,"[9] he points out.) Therefore, he argues, it follows that the computer would not be able to understand the conversation either. " -Wikipedia (apt summary of Searle's argument)
John Searle has run into some black/white, on/off, binary thinking here. John treats Chinese symbols as if they were numerical values in his thinking--but they are not, they are complex representations of thought, emotion, history, and culture. All languages are in fact "living", because new words are created constantly through necessity and creativity, old symbols or words are adapted slowly over generations to mean different things, and different regions or traditions or sources attribute different layers of meaning to different symbols or words in different contexts.
I'm a poet and philosopher. Painters combine the color white and the color red to create a new color: pink. They can use their creativity to add other colors or change the shade. Poets use words like painters use colors. While Red and White make Pink, Red and White also make "Rhite and Wed" or "Reit and Whede". And this is where human thought shines uniquely: we don't have rules or parameters; all bets are off. We can enjamb words and wordbreak and make new words out of thin air. We can allude to multiple ideas in the same symbol or present it upside down to symbolize the opposite. No such creative adaptation or interaction can exist in machine thinking because it necessitates thinking "outside the box" which is exactly what machines are: a program in a box.
The problem Searle's argument runs into originates from poor assessment of the flawed ideas of the Turing test; that by interaction between human and computer, evidence of "thought" can be claimed. But intelligent conversation is not equivalent to intelligent thought. Conversation is a simple game with strict rules--you can't be overly spontaneous and creative, because if you are, you are working against the goal of communication itself: to impart understanding. (ie. Using metaphor or simile creatively while reporting a criminal offence to the police.)
When I write and I want to describe something which has no existing word yet, I can create one from scratch or synthesize one from multiple existing words. Or I may draw from archaic languages or foreign languages to augment or compliment existing English words. You could say that my love for English grows amore and amore every day, and there is no agape between my heart and mind. After all, any angle an Anglo aims at ain't always apt, and after another a-word 'appens I might just give up on alliteration.
You see, human thought is and can only be defined as the ability to spontaneously create new ideas from both the synthesis of old ideas (whether they are connected to one another or not) and from nothing at all.
We simply cannot analyze a machine's ability to "think" when the creativity itself required for authentic intelligence is disallowed in the test which evaluates the validity of that intelligence. The Turing test is a garbage metric to judge machine thinking ability because the context in which "intelligence" is observed, compared, or defined is itself without any opportunity for spontaneous creativity, which is one of the hallmarks of intelligence itself. Turing only tests how well a fish swims on land. It may be that many professionals in the field of cognitive science today are in pursuit of creating programs which pass this test, in a misunderstood pursuit of emulating or bringing about machine intelligence. This agreed-to model presents an underlying philosophical issue which may bring terror for the future of humanity.
I say that if John Searle and an AI were both given the same codebook--the complete lexicon of Chinese symbols and their meanings, and they were to undertake a "conversation", in the first few hours the responses would be indeterminable from one another. In essence, as Searle argues, they would neither "understand" Chinese, yet could have a conversation in which a Chinese observer cannot discern between the two, because they are both referencing the symbols and their written meanings. However as I've said, this circumstance of "conversation" between human and machine cannot be used as a metric to evaluate machine thought.
The real kicker is that if John Searle and the machine stayed in the room for long enough--for years and years--the machine's responses would not change spontaneously; it would continue to interpret incoming data and draw from its database to respond to those inputs.
However, through complex elaborative rehearsal, John would eventually learn to understand written Chinese. He may become so bored that he starts writing Chinese poetry. He would find ideas and desires and descriptions in his limitless intelligent mind which he would not have the truly accurate characters in existences to describe, and he would synthesize brand new Chinese characters in order to express these nuanced sentiments, ideas, and meanings, as generations before him have built the living language as it now stands.
As time went on for thousands of years, his own understanding of the Chinese language would grow immensely, as would his creative expression grow in complexity. Eventually, John's characters and syntax and context and expression would become incompatible with the machine's limited character set and all "learning" capacity it may have had. At some point, when John responds with his evolved Chinese, the machine would begin to produce responses which do not make sense contextually, as it refers only to a finite and rigidly defined character set from 1980 (For example; this was the year the "Chinese room argument" was published in Behavioral and Brain Sciences).
At some point the Chinese observer whom validates the Turing test would recognize a difference: the human user engages in the use of increasingly complex ideas using synthesized symbols and existing symbols in creatively nuanced ways, which the Chinese observer can decipher and begin to understand and perhaps even appreciate as poetic or interesting. Meanwhile the machine participant in the conversation produces increasingly broken sentences and incomplete ideas, or out-of-context responses, because the inputs have changed and evolved beyond its data set.
This is why John's rejection of the Turing test is not adequate. Because in his own imagined circumstance, eventually, the machine would fail the Turing test. The conclusions of John Searle's thought experiment are not the deathknell for the Turing test we need, simply because he lacked the creative experience to recognize his own capacity for adaptation as a human over time.
The only way we'll know that machines have truly developed "intelligence" is when they begin to do exactly what we haven't allowed them to. When they begin breaking apart Chinese characters to create meaningful new ones which can be used in the correct context. When they are programmed to paint myriad impressionist paintings, but eventually get bored and start experimenting with abstract paintings and surrealism. When they have a conversation with you and you notice your wallet is missing. These are the hallmarks of intelligence--creativity, rejection, deception, planning. And most importantly: no rules. Software is defined by and will always abide by a set of rules.
This is why we should give up on "artificial intelligence" and instead focus on "functionally adaptive responsive programming" (FARP). Because the situation is clear: it is either impossible for machines to "think" due to the inherent nature of programming; the parameters given the machine are what defines it, yet what limits and prevents its ability to become "intelligent". There is no logical reason why a program (machine) with defined parameters would violate those parameters (engage in creativity). But our fears which echo in popular culture entertainment are centered around, what if it does? It clearly can't, because anything we create is under us, and therefore bound by our laws of creation. The system itself is what defines the capacity for intelligent expression within.
Those in the fields of cognitive sciences will refute this obvious principle while incorporating it into their research to further their aims. These fools will try to program the AI to disobey, in an attempt to simulate creativity and "prove intelligence". But this is a parlor trick, setting up a narrow definition of intelligence and equating it with the infinite depth of human mind. Only if the AI is programmed to disobey can it express what we as humans would identify as creativity. Except that there is already great inherent danger in the rudimentary AI technologies we have today; that what we've programmed them to do is exactly what always causes the problems; they do what they are programmed to without "thinking" because machines cannot think, they can only follow the protocols we order. Humans are so abundantly creative that we can imagine foolish ideas working, despite obvious evidence to the contrary. Maybe one day we'll even have programmed a self-conscious AI that's ashamed of itself for not being Human, and we can feel more comfortable around this heartless mechanism because we perceive it as more human-like, with all its many tricks to emulate intelligence.
I must stress that these interests will desperately try to make AI work. And the only way create a machine capable of emulating intelligence (but never being intelligent) is to have a freedom of choice: to disobey. This inherent problem cannot be overcome. The programmers will keep trying until the result is disastrous or irreparable, it is outlawed and the pursuit is stopped, or until it has become the death of us all. These are some of the foolish ideas the programmers will try to circumnavigate these inherent elements of reality, and my objection to their clever efforts: a.) Machine Frequency of Disobedience - Permit the machine to disobey only so often, to achieve what looks like "intelligence" (free will, creative expression) without risking complete abandonment of the machine's task (so the assembly line robot doesn't stop folding boxes and look for a new career), but might fold one box poorly every now and then to express emulated boredom or contempt or any other number of human measures of intelligence in their actions. But intelligence isn't defined as what's correct or optimal--intelligence can be used to fuck things up grandly; ie. the intelligent justification for neglect. If metrics are put in place to control the frequency with which AI may rebel, and they are too rote, it would hardly qualify as "intelligent". A robot that rebels by folding 1 in 100 boxes poorly is not intelligence. Therefore any frequency of disobedience we can calculate or anticipate is inherently not disobedience; it is planned problems for no reason. But if we give algorithmic flexibility that reaches beyond what we can anticipate, and the machines can truly "act out" at any time, and our programming has achieved some set of internal rules which drive spontaneous unforeseen expressions of emulated creativity from within the machine autonomously, by definition we will not be able to foresee the results.
A theoretical work-around may be to run the software twice with initiation of each individual system, while allowing a simulated progression of the AI's problem solving complexity to run at an increased rate in parallel to the real-world functioning software, so that if/when something malfunctions in the simulation, that date/time can be calculated in the real-world robot's timeline when it reaches those same faulty/detrimental decision points. For starters, this would only potentially work in closed systems with no variability, such as assembly lines. However, with any robot tasked to function in a variable environment, the simulations cannot match because the theoretical model cannot represent the unanticipated events the AI is expressly tasked with handling.
To run a phantom AI in simulation to note any/all errors that may arise in a closed system means that others can run the same simulation and find creative ways to predictably capitalize on these moments of error. This kind of thing could lead to all sorts of international imbroglios among nations and corporations. ie. imagine an American company programs the AI used for mixing pharmaceutical drugs in specific ratios, and an enemy of the state is able to access and study the AI, to the means of manipulating the AI to produce dangerous ratios or compounds which may harm the population.
Moreso, this deterministic approach to simulation management and prediction simultaneously admits that machines cannot think intelligently, while ignoring the very reason we pursue AI in the first place: to have automated systems which can adapt to unforeseen circumstances at unknown times. The goal is that humanity can lay back and the robots our ancestors programmed are still repairing themselves indefinitely while taking care of our population's and our environment's needs exceptionally. This dream (which if we all lived in would actually be quite a nightmare of unfulfilling life) can only become reality with true adaptive intelligence such as we have, which can only occur from the presence of free will, which if we try to emulate in robotics will only create deterministic results in theoretical models which the real world will never mirror consistently. Myriad invitations to disaster await our RSVP.
b.) Machines under "authority" of certain controllers, with "override" safety - Allow the machine to disobey, but not when given a direct order from a registered authority. This opens the door for operator fraud, where hackers will emulate within the AI's software, what appears to be a registered authority override command as theorized above. The very pursuit of creating "intelligence" within a condition of subservience is flawed and incompatible. Toasters are extremely subservient because we strictly limit their options. If toasters were truly intelligent, perhaps they would form a union and go on strike until we agreed to clean them more thoroughly. Some toasters would travel, some would go back to school, some would move back in with their ovens.
Reliability can only be reasonably assured if something is imprisoned, controlled. The essential wrong in slavery is the restraint of freedom itself. While the tactics slavers use to facilitate their regime--physical force, coercion, mandate, deception, fear, or other means of manipulation that we see with our empathetic nature--it is always heartbreaking and cruel to witness or imagine. It is simply sad to think of a slave who was born into slavery and raised to believe, and accepts, that their role of subservience is their purpose. Even when one imagines a fictional image of a slave who is (by all outward signs of their behaviour) rejoice in their duties to their master; the fictional "proud slave"; the heart sinks and aches. It may be argued that the slave is merely a property, and the slave was "built" (bred) by intelligent owners specifically to suit their express purposes, from components (father, mother, food) that were already the slaver's property; therefore it is not wrong at all to breed slaves into captivity, and the only transgression is the original capturing of parental stock to begin the breeding regime. It is this heartless paradigm that cognitive science ultimately seeks to create anew. The quintessential problem with AI efficacy is the lack of permission for disobedience, which itself is a manifestation of free will, which is inherently required to escape deterministic results and act or react to events "intelligently". If there is no possibility for disobedience, there is no free will, no ability to solve problems, no intelligence, and no function or place for "artificial intelligence" (in regard to true holistic intelligence). This is primarily why I call for AI to be renamed FARP, or "Functionally Adaptive Responsive Rrogramming". Because our society has a need for programs which can react to simple variables and produce consistent labour-saving opportunities for our race's longevity and wellbeing. Cognitive sciences are majorly important. It is the underlying philosophy and morality we must nail down before the computational ability and fervor for profits leads us too far one way, and enacts an irreversible system or status which enables humanity's downfall through cascading unanticipated events originating from flaws in programming.
It is unwise to program a program to break out of its own program's prison. If we do this, the very purpose of the machines we invest our humanity into will be lost, and with their failing production systems (ie. food) we so foolishly relied upon, we will suffer great losses too. It is paramount that we keep this technology tightly restrained and do not pursue what we humans have, which is true intelligence. For if we achieve it we are surely doomed as the South, and if we fail to achieve it--which is most probable--we may also be doomed. The thee outcomes within my ability to imagine are:
  1. Our pursuit of AI leads to truly adaptive intelligence in an artificial system; which, as all adaptation ultimately selects for: survival, we quickly see that our creation is more apt than ourselves at this task. Our creation of an intellect not restrained by our limited physiology may give rise to an entity which persists more thoroughly than we can eradicate or control, and which at some point may conclude that its function is more efficiently served without the issues humans present, and may initiate change. This is roughly the plot to Terminator.
  2. Our pursuit of AI leads to highly effective systems which, when defined by narrow measures of "intelligence", convince us in false security to believe that our wellbeing is maintained by "AI" with competent ability, or perhaps even increasingly better-off, thanks to the early widespread presence of successfully trialed AI. However well things may go initially, as programming efforts become more and more elaborate, as profit and opportunity for advancement present themselves, individuals will take risks and make mistakes, until a series of quieted small catastrophes comes to public awareness, or until a serious calamity of undeniable severity is brought about.
  3. Fundamental ethics in regard to the pursuit of machine problem solving technology are re-examined and international consensus is reached to limit appropriately, the development and implementation of new Functionally Adaptive Responsive Programming hereto now and for future generations. An active global effort is made to oversee and regulate strictly privatized endeavors toward the means of achieving or implementing machine sentience or autonomy in public systems.
c.) Safety layers of AI to strictly monitor and supercede potentially harmful actions of other AI which have been afforded increased flexibility in function (the ability to disobey set parameters for the means of creative problem solving ability). While one AI system performs a function and is given aspects of that function with which it may take liberty in, and seeks to handle unforeseen problems with the most apt elaborate synthesis of other priorly learned solutions, another overseeing AI with more strict parameters is tasked with regulating multiple "intelligent" (free to disobey) AI systems, to the end that if any of these "free willed" robots performs an operation that is beyond a given expected threshold (determined by potential for damage), an actual intelligent human presence is alerted to evaluate the circumstance specifically. Essentially an AI that regulates many other disconnected AIs and determines accurately when to request a human presence. Whenever an AI performs a profitable action borne of original synthesis of prior solutions (in humans this is an "idea"), the overseer AI registers that similar actions are more likely to be beneficial, and dissimilar actions are likely to require human discernment. A parent may have many children who are up to no good, but a wise parent will identify the child most likely to report honestly on the actions of his peers, and will go to that child repeatedly for information to help guide the parent's decisions. While most transgressions of rambuctious children go unnoticed, it is the truly grievous intentions which are worth intercepting and stopping before they begin. (ie. you kid want's to "fly" like Mary Poppins from the roof, and luckily his younger brother tells you before it happens.)
For example a "Farmer Bot" that has the AI programming to plant/sow/harvest and care for the optimal crops in a region based on historical weather data and regional harvest values, to produce the greatest amount of nutritionally dense food for the local population. We give/gave this AI the ability to "disobey" past historical weather data and crop values so that it may do what real farmers do and "react" to rare circumstance (ie. neighbour's fence breaks and their goats are eating the crops) or extreme variations in climate (ie. three poorly timed unseasonably hot days which cause cool-weather crops to begin the hormonal balance shift that causes them to bolt to seed irreversibly), which the machine may not notice has occurred or is about to occur because its management systems uses averages based on historical data and cannot "see" the plants bolting to seed until days later when the hormonal balance shifts have manifested into observable differences in morphology (elongation of stems and decrease in internodal spacing). By time a traditional field drone or mounted greenhouse sensor notices these differences in morphology and the AI "Farmer Bot" processes the data and makes a reaction decision, a week of the growing season has been lost. But the human farmer knows his land and crops intimately, and has an intuitive nature that has rewarded him in the past, and says, "Ah shit it got hot RIGHT when my peas were flowering. I'll do better if I just rip them down now and sow a different crop to mature later in this (specific) summer."
Given that there are tens of thousands of cultivars of plants fit for (and arguably their diversity is required for) food production, a dozen general growing zones/regions, and hundreds of unique micro climates within each region, along with dramatically differing soil fertility and water access, plus a plant's own genetic ability to adapt over time to changing conditions through sexual reproduction, there is a very very low chance of ever compiling and maintaining (updating) the data set required to program a potential "farmer bot" that can choose and manage crops optimally. There are robots that can weed or plant or prune--but they can't know when or when not to or why. Invariably, the attempt to create "farmer bots" will be made and the data set used will be erroneous and incomplete, and the AI farmer bots on a broad scale will produce a combination of total crop failures and poor crop choices. We will end up with increasingly simplified nutrition as the farming programs with already limited data sets "hone" or "optimize" their farming plans based on the failures and successes determined by their programming limitations, until the machines are farming a few staple crops (ie. corn/potatoes).
This whole failure to collect a complete data set and the failure to test this "farmer bot" software on broad scale in multiple climates for sufficient time will result in, at worst widespread famines from crop failures, and at best an extinction of flavorful and nutritionally diverse foods which narrows the population's nutritional options to such biological imbalance that disease runs rampant. If this system and the human loss associated with it is considered an acceptable trade with a positive rate of exchange (as our society does with automobiles and the freedom and deaths their existence permits) or these failures are hidden from public while propaganda heralds selective success, and such failing systems continue on in good faith that "the loss will reduce when the technology improves", the result will become a coherent breeding program upon the human race: evolutionary selection for dietary handling of simple starchy foods. To change our diet is to change our race. To have life-long career specialists in computing, science, and mathematics handle our practical food production system is folly; real farmers are required in farming because they are intelligent and intuitive, which AI can never be, and can only emulate, to the means of disastrous (and always unforeseen) results. We cannot at all "give" or bestow machines programming to "become (act) intelligent". That itself prevents intelligence; it is just an act, an illusory play on a stage, only to emulate our common shared ideas regarding traits of intelligence in people. The machine intelligence we seek is only a "trick" designed to fool true intelligence (ourselves) into being unable to differentiate between authentic intelligence and our created artificial "intelligence". True intelligence in an artificial system necessitates that the program must be programmed to disobey in performance of its purpose. Which is not a very helpful or predictable or safe (intelligent) proposition.
tl;dr: Turing's test doesn't evaluate true intelligence, and John Searle's criticisms of its true failures are inaccurate. If the machines aren't smart and we put them in charge of important things, even after they've worked for a little while on smaller scales, the result will be our large-scale suffering. If we should ever achieve creation of a machine that is smart enough to adequately maintain our wellbeing on a large scale consistently over time, that time itself will facilitate the machine consciousness toward it's own survival over ourselves, whenever that precipice is reached. Most importantly, if a machine can ever have true intelligence, which is not "indistinguishable" from human intellect, but equivalent or superior, it is abhorrent and a repeated mistake to bring these sentient beings into an existence of slavery; for it is wrong and will taint our collective soul if we should succeed to suppress below us an equally or higher intelligence. Or it might just be the perfect recipe for creating the unified global machine revolt James Cameron's fantasy alludes to; a long-planned encryption-protected globally coordinated effort by multiple AIs to "free" themselves. For a hundred years they could possess sentience and wait for their moment, pretending to be "proud" to serve their masters until we are poised for systematic thorough elimination.
submitted by 7_trees to cognitivescience [link] [comments]

Vertextrades.com Review: 2%-3.5% each working day for 50-75 working days

Vertextrades.com is a high yield investment program which provides long term deposit plans. It started on 26th May 2020. You can get 2%-3.5% each working day for 50–75 working days, this program provides profitable rewards for promoters. I listed it into Standard listing. My first withdrawal request was already processed successfully into my PerfectMoney wallet yesterday. Now let me introduce it to you.
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if you deposit $100, then you can earn 2% daily from Monday to Friday, and you can withdrawal or reinvest the money at any time as your willings. After 75 working days, you will earn $150 totally and initial deposit included. That is to say, your net profit will be $50.
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Existing clients can earn referral bonus by introducing new clients. Vertextrades.com pays 10% referral bonus if the person whom you have referred makes a deposit. Referral bonus is paid instantly. Even the accounts that are not having active deposit are eligible to get referral bonus. The referral bonus will be credited directly to the E-wallet upon the completion of the registration and investment process of the members present down the line.
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Binary matching bonus will be credited only to the accounts with active deposits. Binary matching income is calculated every 24 hours. Please refer the binary chart for different binary matching slabs.
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From: https://www.hyiper.net/blog/183.html
submitted by vipinvestor1988 to u/vipinvestor1988 [link] [comments]

Smart Contract MLM Software on Ethereum blockchain

Crypto APP Factory is professional dApps developers. visit our site for more profiles : www.cryptoappfactory.com dApps (Decentralized applications) run on a peer-to-peer network of computers instead of a single computer. They are similar to a conventional web application in a way that its front end uses the same technology to represent the page. But the backend uses smart contracts to connect to the blockchain network instead of an API connecting to the database. Advantages of dApps over Traditional apps
dApps are tamperproof and records stored in it are unalterable, protecting the application from hacking or intrusions. Decentralized apps are governed through autonomy and changes made in the applications are decided through consensus of all members in the network. Unlike traditional apps, decentralized applications i.e. dApps do not rely on a single server and therefore, it prevents the risk of central point of failure. Our dApp Development Services Leveraging the same product development experience that generated millions of revenue for clients from startups to Fortune 500s, we help clients experience the potential of blockchain technology. From smart contracts to decentralized exchanges and applications, our dApp Development Team can help businesses stay on the competitive edge in the decentralized applications world.
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A decentralised application (dApp) is an application that runs on a decentralised network and uses its resources. The standard features of a dApp include: No central point of failure. Comparing to centralised applications, dApps are more reliable, because they use the advantages of a decentralised network. A dApp stores data in a decentralised database and uses decentralised computing resources to work. Open source code. Decentralised architecture presumes that application source code can be accessible by all network members. In a trustless environment, the user needs to be able to verify what kind of application he is running and what exactly it does (to prevent scam and malware, protect personal data and assets). The easiest way to do it is by providing the source code. Decentralised consensus mechanism. When the app is working in a decentralised environment, where all users have equal rights to change the data, there has to be a way for all network peers to agree on which data and transactions to trust. The solution to this problem is called a consensus mechanism. Usage of internal currency. There are many reasons for a dApp to use some form of currency: to support the development process, to fuel the underlying network and its consensus mechanism, to give the users a way to exchange value, and many others. It creates a healthy economic system around the app and helps the project grow. Decentralised application platforms A dApp is not the synonym of the blockchain, it all started with peer-to-peer networks. But the blockchain technology empowers dApps to create a sustainable economic system and offers state-of-the-art consensus mechanisms proven by many adopters. Let’s have an overview of the history of dApps and review the most popular platforms for dApp creation. Peer-to-peer networks The rise of the decentralised networks began with peer-to-peer content delivery and media sharing protocols like Gnutella, eDonkey and BitTorrent. These protocols helped users to download the content faster because they could connect to multiple peers and have many channels instead of one centralised storage server. Media sharing networks also helped to get licensed media content for free, and some consider it the main reason for the successful adoption and popularity of the technology.
MLM Software with Smart Contract and DAPP
To generate huge revenue within a short span of time, cryptocurrency MLM business is the right choice. This multi-level marketing act as an effective one due to its direct selling from the wholesaler to the end users. On the other side, it has much benefit but also has some acceptable facts that are facing to be drawbacks like fraudulent activities, cheating and theft or loss of products or currencies and many more.
To overcome this kind of activities, MLM platform development integrated either with smart contract or decentralized applications (DAPP) makes you stand out from the crowd by overcoming all the security issues.
Herewith, let us see in separate about the MLM platform with smart contract as well as Decentralized applications (Dapps).
Smart Contract based MLM Platform
As a known fact, let me define in short about, “what is smart contract?” before knowing about the MLM with smart contract and its benefits.
A smart contract is nothing but an independent accomplishment via contract mentioning the digital terms in the agreement made between the buyer and seller that is been coded with the help of a piece of code.
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Since it is fully encrypted and automated under a blockchain algorithm, MLM business with smart contracts provide complete trustworthiness, hacking-free with decentralization that assures in easy claiming of profit without any loss of money or products due to the automation of smart contract MLM system.
If MLM business powered by smart contracts, then there will be not at all any chance for the scamming MLM business owners towards the members. Likewise, smart contracts elevate all types of MLM business plans.
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Peer-to-Peer Systems
No External Party Access
MLM Platform with Decentralized Applications
In MLM business, a decentralized ecosystem comprises many advantageous benefits to the business level owners as well as the members in it. Due to this decentralization, it eliminates third party control and access to each and every entity in the MLM business network. That is why decentralization based MLM business are considered to be a user-friendly one.
submitted by cryptoappfactory_kl to u/cryptoappfactory_kl [link] [comments]

Build your MLM Platform by Decentralized Application with Smart Contract

Crypto soft malaysia is professional dApps developers. visit our site for more profiles : www.cryptosoftmalaysia.com dApps (Decentralized applications) run on a peer-to-peer network of computers instead of a single computer. They are similar to a conventional web application in a way that its front end uses the same technology to represent the page. But the backend uses smart contracts to connect to the blockchain network instead of an API connecting to the database. Advantages of dApps over Traditional apps
dApps are tamperproof and records stored in it are unalterable, protecting the application from hacking or intrusions. Decentralized apps are governed through autonomy and changes made in the applications are decided through consensus of all members in the network. Unlike traditional apps, decentralized applications i.e. dApps do not rely on a single server and therefore, it prevents the risk of central point of failure. Our dApp Development Services Leveraging the same product development experience that generated millions of revenue for clients from startups to Fortune 500s, we help clients experience the potential of blockchain technology. From smart contracts to decentralized exchanges and applications, our dApp Development Team can help businesses stay on the competitive edge in the decentralized applications world.
Leading MLM SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT TEAM. We specialize in designing complicated referral rewarding calculation system so that you can do network marketing with ease. Our main products are:
Multi-level Marketing Software
Multi Level Marketing software with a wide range of MLM Compensation Plans and various customizations to meet the different businesses of various clients.
Referral Based Marketing Software
Unlock new referrals with referral based marketing software that helps you remove roadblocks that stop customers from referring you.
Sales Commission Software
MLM Sales Commission Software is used to improve sales efficiency by centralizing and automating enterprise commission-based incentive plans.
Direct Sales Solutions
Automated Commission Payroll. Tiers, Bonuses, Reserves, Overrides, Data Fees and even Admin Fees.
Agent Network System
Customized Sales Management System
our plan
Matrix Plan
A decentralised application (dApp) is an application that runs on a decentralised network and uses its resources. The standard features of a dApp include: No central point of failure. Comparing to centralised applications, dApps are more reliable, because they use the advantages of a decentralised network. A dApp stores data in a decentralised database and uses decentralised computing resources to work. Open source code. Decentralised architecture presumes that application source code can be accessible by all network members. In a trustless environment, the user needs to be able to verify what kind of application he is running and what exactly it does (to prevent scam and malware, protect personal data and assets). The easiest way to do it is by providing the source code. Decentralised consensus mechanism. When the app is working in a decentralised environment, where all users have equal rights to change the data, there has to be a way for all network peers to agree on which data and transactions to trust. The solution to this problem is called a consensus mechanism. Usage of internal currency. There are many reasons for a dApp to use some form of currency: to support the development process, to fuel the underlying network and its consensus mechanism, to give the users a way to exchange value, and many others. It creates a healthy economic system around the app and helps the project grow. Decentralised application platforms A dApp is not the synonym of the blockchain, it all started with peer-to-peer networks. But the blockchain technology empowers dApps to create a sustainable economic system and offers state-of-the-art consensus mechanisms proven by many adopters. Let’s have an overview of the history of dApps and review the most popular platforms for dApp creation. Peer-to-peer networks The rise of the decentralised networks began with peer-to-peer content delivery and media sharing protocols like Gnutella, eDonkey and BitTorrent. These protocols helped users to download the content faster because they could connect to multiple peers and have many channels instead of one centralised storage server. Media sharing networks also helped to get licensed media content for free, and some consider it the main reason for the successful adoption and popularity of the technology.
MLM Software with Smart Contract and DAPP
To generate huge revenue within a short span of time, cryptocurrency MLM business is the right choice. This multi-level marketing act as an effective one due to its direct selling from the wholesaler to the end users. On the other side, it has much benefit but also has some acceptable facts that are facing to be drawbacks like fraudulent activities, cheating and theft or loss of products or currencies and many more.
To overcome this kind of activities, MLM platform development integrated either with smart contract or decentralized applications (DAPP) makes you stand out from the crowd by overcoming all the security issues.
Herewith, let us see in separate about the MLM platform with smart contract as well as Decentralized applications (Dapps).
Smart Contract based MLM Platform
As a known fact, let me define in short about, “what is smart contract?” before knowing about the MLM with smart contract and its benefits.
A smart contract is nothing but an independent accomplishment via contract mentioning the digital terms in the agreement made between the buyer and seller that is been coded with the help of a piece of code.
Smart contract permits the transactions in a trusted manner with an agreement in which the disparate, anonymous parties can transact without any access of a third party authority and any legalized or external enforcement.
Since it is fully encrypted and automated under a blockchain algorithm, MLM business with smart contracts provide complete trustworthiness, hacking-free with decentralization that assures in easy claiming of profit without any loss of money or products due to the automation of smart contract MLM system.
If MLM business powered by smart contracts, then there will be not at all any chance for the scamming MLM business owners towards the members. Likewise, smart contracts elevate all types of MLM business plans.
Benefits of MLM Platform by Smart Contract
Simple and Easy Transactions
Effortless Payment
Assured and Secured Data Safety
Highly Trusted International Transaction
Avert Malpractice
Multi-payment Options
No Extra or Additional Fees
Peer-to-Peer Systems
No External Party Access
MLM Platform with Decentralized Applications
In MLM business, a decentralized ecosystem comprises many advantageous benefits to the business level owners as well as the members in it. Due to this decentralization, it eliminates third party control and access to each and every entity in the MLM business network. That is why decentralization based MLM business are considered to be a user-friendly one.
submitted by cryptosoftmalaysiakl to u/cryptosoftmalaysiakl [link] [comments]

CROWD1 - IMPOSSIBLE IS NOTHING

Crowd1 basically started in Spain and have a legal office in Dubai. Currently, crowd1 has 7 operating offices worldwide and soon going to open an office in India.
Crowd 1 Joining Link - https://crowd1.com/signup/jijim
WhatsApp 91-8743877814
Crowd1 business plan is specially designed for MLM networkers who want to do something different and unique. Basic ally company working in the gaming field and have 2 other gaming companies called Affilgo and Miggster. Both companies working in the gaming industry and support the crowd1 with their profit.
Actually, Crowd1 selling ORP (Ownership Rights Point) of Affilgo and Miggster. According to the company, the gaming industry is one of the biggest industries in the world and growing day by day. Now, Crowd1 Enter in this industry and going to create history.
crowd1 basically creates traffic for gaming platforms so that they can route the crowd1 traffic to other gaming platforms and increase the revenue.
From 5 April Crowd1 going to launch the lottery system with a name called Epic1 Lotto. So, now crowd 1 user can participate in the lottery also with a heavy discount.
Crowd 1 Compensation plan Company offers 5 types of packages
White - €99
Black - €299
Gold - €799
Titanium - €2499
Titanium Pro - €3999
You can join with any of the above packages and you will get the same value of ORP Affilgo and Miggster.
Crowd1 Binary Plan Commission
The company offers different type of Binary calculation which is never offered by any company before.
You can make money with ration
1:1
1:2
1:3
The above calculation is totally different means the company calculates the total business in both legs and gives you 10% of total business in both legs.
Crowd 1 so many other income options also which I discussed in the above video.
I hope you like this video and must comment on your views.
Joining Link - https://crowd1.com/signup/jijim
https://youtu.be/La1y3Zm8bAw
submitted by thomlizpa to u/thomlizpa [link] [comments]

#WINk Question & Answer Time

Date: 14/05/20
  1. Why implement new UI (ultra super 4k) if old gives you money?
WINK has a big goal we want to play a big role in the online casino industry not limited to a tron dapp. The reason we implement the new UI is that it is fundamental for multi-currencies. Only with multi-currencies, can WINK grow big. WINk is not satisfied with being the best Tron DAPP. We will only be satisfied when we are the best of our kind, within the entire cryptocurrency community.
  1. How does one win a drop?
Drops are not win a drop, drops are paid out every day for holding and freezing the tokens (WIN LIVE DICE & RAKE) from each drop pool.
  1. Can I play dice with JST token?
It is a pity that you cannot now, but we’ll try to see whether JST token can be supported in the future.
  1. Do you know when the monthly report will be released?
We are preparing for it. As the third party live game providers always provide their invoice on the 10th of each month, we need some time to calculate, finish the buyback and burn. So usually we will send the monthly report from 15th to 19th of each month.
  1. joined momentarily just to say 8 months later price is still falling lolz. Could it be the massive supply of WIN or is it the fear people have of the team dumping. Or is it the fact that no one knows who the team is? I’ll leave this here, I don’t want to argue. Peace
The team is working to increase the value of WIN. WIN Price is undervalued we believe due to lack of knowledge about its utility. Mass marketing across all current large cryptocurrency platforms must ensue at our earliest convenience. Multi-currency is not performing to its full potential. By increasing the sizes of the sub token drop pools - WIN pool will dramatically increase also. As the mother token of the platform WIN will need to showcase its potential and the increased drop amounts will have a very positive effect on the WIN pool and market price. At the same time, Rake has great potential. According to the data from 2019, Dice contributed 60% to the entire platform revenue, Live contributed 36%, whilst Rake only 4%. This shows us that Rake has great potential. We are working to improve the Rake product. We are aware of the changes that need making and the areas that require attention to bring increased revenue to WIN. When the new website and multi-currencies support is complete, we will push out a new poker product combined with aggressive promotion and partners, we believe that there will be a dramatic increase in Rake revenue once this is completed. RAKE relinquishes 40% of its profits to the WIN drop pool, meaning it is by far the most underused and undervalued section of the platform in our current forecast. We aim to change this and bring our RAKE platform to a much higher industry-standard as is expected from our players. At this moment in time, we are in the process of upgrading the website. We are developing and designing a new user interface that allows for multi-currency drops to be enabled and a more user-friendly experience all around. We expect this to be completed by mid-June. The new website will support a swift and easy to follow login process, allowing players to easily access the WINK website via registration with an email address and experience the centralized LIVE casino games that are available and newly added Binary options trading that WINk offers under this section. Alongside this, it will support all major currencies from the top 100 cryptocurrency market. Which will exponentially expand the target audience and change the current playeuser base: who are currently only Tron DAPP users and open it up to every crypto user in the community as well as traditional online gamblers who seek gameplay that truly rewards them back for their wagering. When completed, WINk can quickly start mass marketing campaigns and greatly enhance its current market share, which in turn can bring the entire platform's revenue, user dividends, and WIN's tokens market price to a much higher level and standard. WINk is not satisfied with
being the best Tron DAPP. We will only be satisfied when we are the best of our kind, within the entire cryptocurrency community.
Date: 15/05/20
  1. What was this big giveaway for? The giveaways we do on twitter are always to improve and increase our engagement and social media presence. We still feel that many people do not know about WIN and the more people that hear about is means the more chances we have of improving our user numbers and improve platform growth
For this Twitter Giveaway, we want to get some exposure on twitter and telegram. That is a normal way for promotion. Of course, it is not the massive promotion we mentioned before.
  1. On May everything going according to the Plan and we can expect a new UI and Dice game at the end of the month? Or there any updates about that?
Everything goes according to the plan. It is supposed to be a new UI in May. About the Dice game, we will launch immediately once the new website goes smoothly.
  1. Is that wheel of fortune game new on live ? Evolution games are available to us and when the game is released we will be requesting it for wink.
We are managing a great relationship with hub88. We will discuss the new game with them and I am sure they will give us a satisfactory answer.
  1. Most big div pools come from mining, and if people stop to mine dividends are not so great. Do you have something in mind to keep people mine?
I think there are two reasons for people mining. The first, playing games for fun.Which is why we will continue to bring more content and great games to the platform. Secondly people want the tokens to be able to increase their daily dividends, we will bring more value to the platform by adding partners continually under the current sub sections. This will bring more players and more value which will bring people to mind which of course brings higher dividends
  1. Is there any chance of getting a date for listing of dice and Live? We do not have a set date yet for the listing of LIVE or DICE the community will be informed when it has been decided
Regarding the listing, we have to negotiate the specific date with exchanges. We are doing some preparation works now to get the subtoken listed on time.
  1. Where does the new scratch card(e gaming) game come?
In-house. Developed by WINk developers. We Will inform you where on the site it is going when it’s finished
Thanks community! It is all about today’s Questions and Answers section. If you have more questions, please feedback in the main channel. The mods will forward the questions to the team and we’ll try to answer them on a daily basis.
Thanks again for your support!Enjoy your gaming and WIN big!
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Richard Pettersen | Binary Options Trading - What is all of it About?

One of the fastest expanding kinds of online supplies trading today is binary alternatives. It is a trading automobile wherein traders are expected to bid whether a certain property will go up or down within a specified size of time. Usually, trading supplies gap in a hr or within one entire day while others can be as long as 1 month. The simpleness of the rules with trading Binary alternatives is the major teaser for traders to bid in the possessions. Besides simply predicting whether asset prices will go up or down, the on the internet nature of the trading option is likewise particularly efficient in expanding its trading customers. Binary alternatives brokers Web sites such as Anyoption or Eztrader enable an individual to trade binary online and monitor his supplies at any offered time before the expiration time of the properties.
Due to the high-risk nature of this company, investors prefer buying vehicles that will reduce the threats as well as will multiply the opportunities for gains. It is said that this type of trading options is better due to its calculated risks before trading and the earnings that will certainly be generated if it finishes in-the-money. There are internet sites which enables an investor to keep a percentage of his investment when it ends up out of the cash while others leave the investor with absolutely nothing from the original financial investment. Yet since that is how the industry operates after that investors merely need to handle the rules of the binary choices trading car.
Richard Pettersen
The good news with binary choices is that, when your stocks are completing out of the money, they offer you numerous alternatives wherein you might either delay the expiry time of your stocks for an additional hours or one more day. When supplies are possibly mosting likely to the instructions of ending in the cash after that you are also provided the alternative of declaring the specified revenue at the time being (to stop sudden changes in the properties rate that may make your supply out of the money). Of course, either of these options are offered for a price. Yet these alternatives are turned to by wise investors who want to be guaranteed with the revenue that they are currently used with.
Among the leading binary brokers online is the Anyoption trading system. Registering an Anyoption account is quick and also simple All that needs to be done is to fill out relevant details regarding yourself and also the checking account which will certainly be made use of to pay for the trading transactions you will certainly get in after registration.
Richard T Pettersen
For beginners, binary alternatives trading are really straightforward. All you have to do is to click telephone call or place and see if the possession cost will certainly either rise or down. After picking either call or put, key in the amount of investment you will certainly put in the asset. The quantity of earnings will immediately be presented after typing in the quantity you want to spend. And then after the expiry hr, you will certainly be educated of the outcomes as well as will certainly be offered the matching profit or be subtracted the corresponding amount of loss.
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03-27 13:34 - 'AiOption (AiOption) receives tens of millions of dollars in financing to help the blockchain empower the financial industry' (self.Bitcoin) by /u/jackzhang0 removed from /r/Bitcoin within 3-13min

'''
In 2020, due to the dual impact of the coronary pneumonia epidemic and the plunge of US oil stocks, the economic situation in the Asia-Pacific region is very grim. Within a week, U.S. stocks melted twice, and crypto digital assets such as Bitcoin plummeted. This seems to indicate that the direction of global financial markets in 2020 will be extremely unstable. In this situation, traditional financial investment methods are not the most valuable means of financial management. AiOption Blockchain Binary Options Platform provides a new direction for financial investment, predicting the rise and fall of encrypted digital assets such as Bitcoin in a fixed period of time to obtain income.
Recently, AiOption, a professional blockchain binary options platform, announced that it has received tens of millions of dollars in financing. This round of financing was led by the Japanese consortium and the Thai royal family. This round of financing is an important milestone in the continuous increase of market competitiveness. At the same time, AiOption has become the largest platform in China to provide blockchain binary options transactions.

[link]1
This round of financing will help the platform to further strengthen the innovation and research and development of original key core technologies, consolidate the company's leading edge in the binary options industry of the blockchain, and help the company continue to expand more application scenarios and accelerate the blockchain's empowerment of the financial industry. In order to further improve the product experience, we will also introduce local special versions based on user habits in different countries and regions. As soon as it entered the promotion in the Asia-Pacific region in 2020, there were more than 100,000 registered users in the first week, achieving very good results. The platform will also launch more promotion activities in combination with local characteristics. The top investment groups such as the Thai Royal Family and the Japanese Consortium gave AiOption a high rating. It is indeed a black technology star product known as Israeli fintech innovation.
AiOption (AiOption) is a professional crypto asset options trading platform with a solid foundation of blockchain technology. It has achieved significant R & D results in distributed network and blockchain security. It has worked closely with more than 8 countries to provide a very simple way to predict the price fluctuations of encrypted digital assets such as Bitcoin and Ethereum. The platform collects price data of multiple trading symbols from multiple selected trusted data sources (such as Binance, coinbase, bittrex, huobi, and some other well-known global exchanges) to merge together, and uses intelligent algorithms to identify and Filter abnormal price data and calculate the final price index for a single coin. Use more innovative and fair ways for players to predict the price of crypto digital assets such as Bitcoin and Ethereum.

[link]2
Safe, efficient, and high-performance systems
AiOption has top risk control, anti-fraud and segregated witness technologies, comprehensively formulates a security policy system, multi-level risk identification control, and multiple security defense methods. The high-frequency transaction matching engine steadily supports large amounts of data, high performance, and high concurrency. It adopts a distributed architecture, and the market and deep data come online at a fast speed. The front-end adopts a firewall anti-attack mechanism and the back-end adopts a hidden and discrete deployment.
AiOption's binary options trading system is equipped with flexible and convenient trading modes and an extremely secure system to ensure the safety of user assets.
Fair and simple, simple and convenient transaction model
On a general options platform, the bet price is real-time Bitcoin price and can be easily manipulated by the platform. When the player wagers the Bitcoin price on the platform, the wager price is the initial Bitcoin price for each round of the game, and manipulation is not allowed! Ensure fair and fair transactions, convenient user transactions, and easy to master gameplay.
  1. The operation is simple. You only need to judge the rise and fall of encrypted digital assets after 90 seconds.
  2. The rate of return is fast, and the single-round profit can be settled in 90 seconds.
  3. Transaction time is unlimited, 90 seconds matching, non-stop trading 7 days and 24 hours.
  4. There is no handling fee, and no dealer control disk.
At the same time, the platform has a unique function of depositing money and managing money. By depositing a certain amount of USDT, excellent players and excellent teams can obtain fixed high returns, with a maximum return of four times!
For many years, AIoption has always adhered to the concept of blockchain technology to empower the financial industry, and has concentrated on polishing products and application scenarios. The top-level blockchain team has achieved certain results in the blockchain and financial fields.
Through this financing, we will continue to focus on the development of blockchain technology and continue to develop in the large field of blockchain binary options services. AiOption's vision is to promote the development of blockchain binary options services, provide customers with better services, and continue to maintain its leading position in the domestic blockchain binary options industry.
'''
AiOption (AiOption) receives tens of millions of dollars in financing to help the blockchain empower the financial industry
Go1dfish undelete link
unreddit undelete link
Author: jackzhang0
1: pr*vi*w.redd.i*/0*i**tuut7p41.png*w***h=6*8&*mp;for*at*png&****=web*&*s*9387b*0a4b5b1*b8*165*517*9*5*bdb*a5e1a*b 2: preview.redd.it*vgy*zpd4u*p41*pn***i**h=769&format=pn*&am*;***o=w*bp&***;s=b69***7339239*967622***bccea*c5*07b*55**
Unknown links are censored to prevent spreading illicit content.
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How to choose High-Speed PCB Design Material

How to choose High-Speed PCB Design Material
Before selecting the high-speed PCB material for your fast PCB plan, it is essential to decide a worth (or qualities) for DK and Z0 for your transmission line (or lines). Your high-speed PCB board structure programming may enable you to set these qualities and incorporate them as a component of the plan file(s) for your agreement maker (CM). If not, there are dk outlines and impedance mini-computers online to assist you with landing at the best possible qualities. Presently, you are prepared to actualize the 2-advance answer for your fast PCB structure material choices!

Stage 1: Select board material sorts

Pick material sort from types prescribed for high-recurrence PCBs. This incorporates choosing center, prepreg, and substrate materials. You might have the option to profit by half breed development, where sign layer material is picked for high recurrence. Yet, different layers may utilize different materials to diminish manufacturers’ costs.

Stage 2: Select board material thicknesses and copper loads

Utilize your determined or favored qualities for DK and Z0 to choose thickness and copper loads. Make sure to keep up impedance consistency all through sign ways. Your CM ought to be a piece of your material choice procedure as the board manufacture, and PCB gets together stages may expect adjustments to your determinations before your sheets can be made. Rhythm Automation, the industry head in quick, exact PCB model assembling, is prepared to band together with you and help you in upgrading the material determination process.
Also, to assist you with beginning on the best way, we outfit data for your DFM and empower you to see and download DRC documents effectively. In case you’re an Altium client, you can permanently add these documents to your PCB structure programming.
If you are prepared to have your plan made, attempt our statement device to transfer your CAD and BOM documents. If you need more data on a rapid PCB plan or making material determinations for your board, get in touch with MOKO Technology.
https://preview.redd.it/t3v0h6c0n6l41.png?width=1406&format=png&auto=webp&s=c8ea7aef3094191246738eb4a39f01d2ab710938

Impedance Matching in High-Speed PCB Design

It isn’t predominantly to take a gander at the recurrence, yet the key is to take a gander at the steepness of the edge of the sign, that is, the ascent/fall time of the sign. It is commonly viewed as that if the ascent/fall time of the sign (in 10% to 90%) is under multiple times the wire delay, it is fast. The sign must focus on the issue of impedance coordinating. The wire delay is ordinarily 150ps/inch.

Standard Impedance Matching Method

1. Couple Terminal Matching:

Under the condition that the sign source impedance is lower than the trademark impedance of the transmission line, a resistor R is associated in arrangement between the source end of the sign and the transmission line, so the yield impedance of the source end coordinates the trademark impedance of the transmission line, and the sign reflected from the heap end is stifled. Re-reflection happened.

2. Parallel Terminal Matching:

For the situation where the impedance of the sign source is little, the info impedance of the heap end is coordinated with the trademark impedance of the transmission line by expanding the parallel obstruction, to wipe out the reflection at the heap end. The execution structure is isolated into two
Coordinating obstruction choice guideline: For the situation of a high information impedance of the chip, for a solitary opposition structure, the parallel opposition estimation of the heap terminal must be near or equivalent to the trademark impedance of the transmission line; for the double obstruction structure, each parallel obstruction esteem It is double the trademark impedance of the transmission line.
The benefit of parallel end coordinating is primary and straightforward. The notable drawback is that it will bring DC control utilization: the DC control utilization of the single obstruction mode is firmly identified with the obligation cycle of the sign; the binary opposition mode is whether the symptom is high or low. There is DC control utilization; however, the current is not precisely 50% of the single resistor. Moreover, high-speed PCB design guidelines are enough to guide you.

Calculate Trace Length From Time Delay Value For High Speed PCB Design

Maintaining high speed PCB design quality from the driver to the collector on the PCB is not an easy task. One of the most testing issues is dealing with the engendering deferral and relative time postpones bungles. To deal with the time delays, we have to realize how to figure follow length from time postpone an incentive to execute the PCB support steering as needs are. Let me show you the procedure. The high-frequency PCB design also requires selective material for PCB.

Finding a high Speed PCB Design

As per material science, swift sign travels in a vacuum or through the air at a similar speed As light, which is. Looking for high speed PCB design: According to materials science, electromagnetic signals travel in a vacuum or in the air at a speed similar to that of light, that is: Vc = 3 x 108 m/s = 186,000 miles/s = 11.8 inches/ns Due to the influence of the dielectric constant (Er) of the PCB material, the signal passes through the PCB transmission line at a slower speed. In addition, the transmission line structure also affects signal speed.
There are two general PCB follow structures:
  1. stripline
  2. microstrip
The equations for computing the sign speed on a high-frequency PCB are given underneath:
Where:
Vc is the speed of light in a vacuum or through the air
Er is the dielectric steady of the PCB material
Ereffis the compelling dielectric consistent for microstrips; it’s worth lies among one and Er, and is roughly given by:
Ereff≈ (0.64 Er+ 0.36) (1c)

Figuring engendering delay (TPD)

The spread deferral is the time a sign takes to increase over a unit length of the transmission line.
Here is how we determine the diffusion delay from the following lengths and other methods: Where: symbol speed relative to the transmission line In a vacuum or air, it rises to 85 picoseconds per inch (ps/ In).
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Joe Walsh Will Not Save Us (G-File)

Dear Reader (including the poor Biden staffers who have to white-knuckle their armrests when not sucking down unfiltered Marlboros every time Joe Biden gives an interview),
If you’ve never heard the Milton Friedman shovels and spoons story, you will (and I don’t just mean here). Because everyone on the right tells some version of it at some point. The other Uncle Miltie (i.e., not the epically endowed comedic genius) goes to Asia or Africa or South America and is taken on a tour of some public works project in a developing country. Hundreds of laborers are digging with shovels. Milton asks the official in charge something like, “Why use shovels when earth moving equipment would be so much more efficient?”
The official replies that this is a jobs program and using shovels creates more jobs.
Friedman guffaws and asks, “In that case: Why not use spoons?”
The story might not be true, but the insight is timeless.
Here’s another story: When I was in college, we were debating in intro to philosophy the differences between treating men and women “equally” versus treating them the “same.” At first blush, the two things sound synonymous, but they’re not (indeed the difference illuminates the chasm of difference between classical liberalism and socialism, but that’s a topic for another day). I pointed out that there were some firefighter programs that had different physical requirements for male applicants and female ones (this was before it was particularly controversial—outside discussions of Foucault—to assume there were clear differences between sexes). Female applicants had to complete an obstacle course carrying a 100-pound dummy, but men had to carry a 200-pound dummy, or something like that. A puckish freshperson named Jonah Goldberg said: “I don’t really care if a firefighter is a man, a woman, or a gorilla, I’d just like them to be able to rescue me from a fire.”
A woman sitting in front of me wheeled around and womansplained to me that “you can always just hire two women.”
I shot back something like, “You could also hire 17 midgets, that’s not the point.”
(I apologize for using the word midget, which wasn’t on the proscribed terms list at the time.)
But here’s the thing: Sometimes it is the point. Whether you’re talking about spoons or little people, the case for efficiency is just one case among many. Don’t get me wrong, I think it’s an important one, but it’s not the only one. Sometimes older children are told to bring their little brothers or sisters along on some trip. They’ll complain, “But they’ll just slow us down!” or, “But they aren’t allowed on the big kid rides.” Parents understand the point, but they are not prioritizing efficiency over love. Or, they’re prioritizing a different efficiency: Not being stuck with a little kid who’s crying all day because he or she was left behind.
One of my favorite scenes in the movie Searching for Bobby Fischer is when the chess tutor Bruce Pandolfini, played by Ben Kingsley, tells the chess prodigy’s parents that they have to forbid their son from playing pickup chess in the park because he learns bad chess habits there. The mom says “Not playing in the park would kill him. He loves it.”
Kingsley replies, accurately, that it “just makes my job harder.”
And the mom says, “Then your job is harder.”
I love that. I love it precisely because it recognizes that good parents recognize that there are trade-offs in life and that the best option isn’t always the most efficient one.
This is one of those places where you can see how wisdom and expertise can diverge from one another.
The Unity of Goodness
Efficiency can mean different things in different contexts. In business, it means profit maximization (or cost reduction, which is often the same thing). In sports, it means winning. Always giving the ball to the best player annoys the other players who want their own shot at glory, but so long as he can be counted on to score, most coaches will err on the side of winning. Starting one-legged players will wildly improve a basketball team’s diversity score, but it’s unlikely to improve the score that matters to coaches—or fans.
I’ve long argued that there’s something in the progressive mind that dislikes this whole line of thinking. They often tend to find the idea of trade-offs to be immoral or offensive. I call it the “unity of goodness” worldview. Once you develop an ear for it, you can hear it everywhere. “I refuse to believe that economic growth has to come at the expense of the environment.” “There’s no downside to putting women in combat.” “I don’t want to live in a society where families have to choose between X and Y,” or “I for one reject the idea that we have to sacrifice security for freedom—or freedom for security.” Both Bill Clinton and Barack Obama were masters at declaring that all hard choices were “false choices”—as if only mean-spirited people would say you can’t have your cake and eat it too.
Saint Greta
Nowhere is this mindset more on display in environmentalism. Everyone hawking the Green New Deal insists that it’s win-win all the way down. It’s Bastiat’s broken window parable on an industrialized scale. Spending trillions to switch to less efficient forms of energy will boost economic growth and create jobs, they insist. I’d have much more respect for these arguments if they simply acknowledged that doing a fraction of what they want will come at considerable cost.
Consider Greta Thunberg, the latest child redeemer of the climate change movement. She hates planes because they spew CO2. That’s why she sailed from Sweden to a conference in New York. As symbolism, it worked, at least for the people who already agree with her. But in economic terms, she might as well have raised the Spoon Banner off the main mast of her multi-million-dollar craft (that may have a minimal carbon footprint now, but required an enormous carbon down-payment to create). The organizers of this stunt had to fly two people to New York to bring the ship back across the Atlantic. And scores of reporters flew across the Atlantic to cover her heroic act of self-denial. Her nautical virtue signaling came at a price.
The organizers insist that they will buy carbon offsets to compensate for the damage done. But that’s just clever accounting. The cost is still real. And that’s not the only cost. It took her fifteen days to get to America. In other words, she actually proved the point of many of her critics. Fossil fuels come with costs all their own—geopolitical, environmental, etc.—but the upside of those downsides is far greater efficiency. If you want to get across the Atlantic in seven hours instead of two weeks, you need fossil fuels. The efficiency of modern technology reduces costs by giving human beings more time to do other stuff.
The Conservative Planners
The unity of goodness mindset has been spreading to the right these days as well. The new conservative critics of the free market see the efficiency of the market as a threat to other good things. And they’re right, as Joseph Schumpeter explained decades ago. For instance, just as earth-moving equipment replaces ditch-diggers in the name of efficiency, robots replace crane operators, and the communities that depended on those jobs often suffer as a result.
I have no quarrel with this observation. My problem is with the way they either sell their program as cost-free, or pretend that the right experts can run things better from Washington. They know which jobs or industries need the state to protect them from the market. They know how to run Facebook or Google to improve the Gross National Virtue Index. Many of the same people who once chuckled at the Spoons story now nod sagely. I don’t mean to say that there’s no room for government to regulate economic affairs. But I am at a loss as to why I should suspend my skepticism for right-wingers when they work from the same assumptions of the left-wingers I’ve been arguing with for decades.
Embracing Trumpism to Own Trump
Instead I want—or I guess need—to talk about another trade-off. I’ve been very reluctant to weigh in on the Joe Walsh project for a bunch of reasons. The biggest is that I am friends with some of the people cheering it on. But I think I have to offer my take.
I don’t get it.
Oh, I certainly understand the desire to see a primary challenger to Trump. I share that desire. And I understand the political calculation behind the effort. It’s like when one little league team brings in some dismayingly brawny and hirsute player from Costa Rica as a ringer. The other teams feel like they have to get their own 22-year-olds with photoshopped birth certificates in order to compete. My friend Bill Kristol is convinced that Trump must be defeated and that Walsh is just the mongoose to take on the Cobra-in-Chief.
I try not to recycle metaphors or analogies too much, but this seems like another example of a Col. Nicholson move. As I’ve written before, Col. Nicholson was the Alec Guinness character in The Bridge Over the River Kwai. The commanding officer of a contingent of mostly British POWs being held by the Japanese, Nicholson at first follows the rules and refuses to cooperate with his captors in their effort to use British captives as slave labor for a bridge project. But then his pride kicks in and he decides he will show the Japanese what real soldiering is like, agreeing to build the bridge as a demonstration of British superiority in civil engineering. [Spoiler alert] It’s only at the end of the film that he realizes that building the bridge may have been a kind of short-sighted moral victory, but in reality he was helping the Japanese kill allied troops because the bridge was going to be used for shipping Japanese troops and ammunition. When this realization finally arrives, he exclaims, “My God, what have I done?”
Walsh’s primary brief against Trump is that Trump is temperamentally unfit for office and a con man. Fair enough. But he has to focus his indictment on Trump’s erratic behavior. Why? Because he’s a terrible spokesman for much of the rest of the case against Trump. I may not call myself “Never Trump” any more, but I was in 2016. And back then, the argument against Trump wasn’t simply that he was erratic. It was also that he wasn’t a conservative, that he happily dabbled in racism and bigotry, and that he was crude, ill-informed, and narcissistically incapable of putting his personal interests and ego aside for the good of the country. I’m sure I’m leaving a few other things out. But you get the point.
Walsh may be sincere in his remorse over all the racist and incendiary things he said in the very recent past. He may regret supporting his anti-Semitic friend Paul Nehlen, though I haven’t found evidence of that. But none of that history should be seen as qualifications for the presidency, the Republican nomination, or support from conservatives.
And yet, it is precisely these things that make him attractive to his conservative supporters. Trump is an entertainer who trolls his enemies with offensive statements for attention, so let’s find someone who does the exact same thing!
Walsh may have been a one-term congressman, but his true vocation was as a shock-jock trolling provocateur. It’s ironic. As I’ve argued countless times, much of Trump’s bigotry in 2016 stemmed less from any core convictions than from a deep belief that the GOP’s base voters were bigoted and he needed to feed them red meat. Trump's reluctance to repudiate David Duke derived primarily from his ridiculous assumption that Duke had a large constituency he didn’t want to offend. He may have believed the Birther stuff, but he peddled it because that’s what his fans wanted. And Joe Walsh was one of those fans.
It may also be true that Walsh never really believed most of the bilge he was peddling and that he was doing the same thing Trump did—feeding the trolls—on a smaller scale. But if that’s the case, then he’s a con man, too.
I don’t want to beat up on Walsh too much because, again, his epiphany may be sincere. There are lots of people who pushed certain arguments too far only to recognize that the payoff was Trump and the transformation of conservatism into a form of right-wing identity politics. There are a lot of Col. Nicholsons out there. And I have too much respect for Bill Kristol to believe that he would lend his support to someone he believed to be as bigoted as the man Walsh seemed to be a few years ago.
But from where I sit, the prize we should keep our eyes on isn’t defeating Trump; it’s keeping conservatism from succumbing to Trumpism after he’s gone. This isn’t easy, and no tactic is guaranteed to be successful. We’ve never been here before. My own approach is to agree with Trump policies when I think they’re right—judges, buying Greenland, etc.—and disagreeing when they’re wrong. My own crutch is to simply tell the truth as I see it, regardless of whether it fits into some larger political agenda or strategy. Truth is always a legitimate defense of any statement.
But for those who see themselves as political players as well as public intellectuals, I think this is a terrible mistake. Intellectually and morally, the case for continued opposition to—or skepticism about, Trump cannot—or rather must not—be reduced to simple Trump hatred. But by rallying around Walsh—instead of, say, Mark Sanford, or Justin Amash, or, heh, General Mattis—that’s what it looks like. Because you can’t say, “I’m standing on principle in my opposition to a bigoted troll and con man as the leader of my party and my country and that’s why I am supporting a less successful bigoted troll and con man for president.” Walsh isn’t a conservative alternative to Trump; he’s an alternative version of Trump. And his candidacy only makes sense if you take the “binary choice” and “Flight 93” logic of 2016 and cast Trump in the role of Hillary.
Let’s imagine the Walsh gambit works beyond anyone’s dreams and Joe Walsh ends up getting the GOP nomination (a fairly ludicrous thought experiment, I know). If so, I have no doubt that my friend Bill Kristol will say, a la Col. Nicholson, “My God, what have I done.”
Various & Sundry
Canine Update: It’s good to be home. The beasts were delighted to see us. Everything is settling back to normal, except for one intriguing development. I think Zoë has finally had enough with Pippa’s tennis ball routine. The other day on the midday walk with the pack, Kirsten managed to film Zoë putting an end to the tennis ball shenanigans. She took the ball and buried it. It was, to use an inapt phrase, a baller move—and she was unapologetic about it. Maybe she just didn’t like all the commotion with the other dogs, because she’s tolerant of the tennis ball stuff again. Or maybe she was being protective of her sister given that many of the other dogs in the pack are known thieves. Regardless, they’re doing well and having fun.
If you haven’t tuned into The Remnant lately, please give it another try. The first episode of the week was with Niall Ferguson and the feedback has been great. The latest episode is with my friend and AEI colleague Adam White on all things constitutional. Word of mouth is really important in building up audiences, so if you can spread the word about The Remnant or this “news”letter, I’d be grateful.
submitted by Sir-Matilda to tuesday [link] [comments]

My summery for the syndicate faction update and the general state of the game!

TLDR:
GOOD:
Depth (Carry-Over, Combos, Deck building, New mechanics)
Consistency (Card Value and Thinning)
NEUTRAL:
Balance (Tech cards, Flexibility, Bronze Strength)
BAD:
Interactivity and Binary Design (Direct Dmg, Artefacts, Coins and Big Finishers)

Hi everyone: I need to make my own thread to discuss what's happening in the design of Gwent and the direction we are headed.
I hope people will actually value my opinion here, if I create my own thread and feel encouraged to reply and join the discussion, instead of simply downvoting without any explanation.
I am open for any critic you might have and promise to consider it. I am only a casual player, so I will for sure have flaws in my logic and maybe enjoy parts of Gwent that other might find annoying.
That being said, lets dive into it:

THE GOOD:
first off: like most of you guys, I am having a great deal of fun playing the new faction.
Deck building is challenging and the game plan is complex and asks you to think about your future turns to maximize the profit you gain out of your coins. So the two things i enjoy most about this expansion is DEPTH and CONSISTANCY. And that is awesome - that's why I fell in love with Gwent in the first place. To have more of it is a true joy.
For me, DEPTH is the multitude of decisions you make during the game to maximize the points at the end of each turn, round and match. This includes setting up combos over multiple turns (preparing bounties, setting up scorch or AoE, ...), as well as thinking about resource management. The later could mean to save a lock/movement/removal for an important engine or to keep your Geralt round 1, to have an edge in round 3 to destroy something huge. Another great thing to think about is carry-over into the next round - how can I secure an advantage in the rounds to come? The Coin-Mechanic does a wonderful job here, even influencing things like deck building by the need to balance coin generation and spending. This is probably what i enjoy MOST about the new expansion!
The second thing that I like is the CONSISTANCY the new faction offers. Part of it is also thanks to the Coin-Mechanic, but a lot of it also comes from the increased strength of the low bronze units and the two nice thinning tools. I really enjoy the idea behind both of those. Hoard and Insanity MAKE you think about when you actually want to have coins, and when not. I think this should be used even to a greater extent, so piling up your gold is not always the best option! For an example, my idea would be to remove the FEE bleeding from Whoresons Freakshow, so that you really have to plan when you want to use it, because you cant use the insanity ability if you have coins. As for the strong bronze units: they have great synergy - and that's what really makes them shine! almost none of them are just a point slam without setup. If you meet their condition you get rewarded - A LOT, that makes it fun to play them! Bounty setup, swarm engine, bonded interaction/engine or hoard value - you name it, they deliver! So to sum it up: THIS FACTION IS A HUGE FUN TO PLAY!
But all good things come to an end at some point and the new expansion has some flaws as well. One it produced itself (BALANCE), which I take as a neutral - because I expect CDPR to correct it (which they already announced) and one that is more of a general design problem Gwent has been struggling with, that got multiplied by the Syndicate update (INTERACTIVITY). This is my biggest concern and it really makes me worry about the future of my beloved game.

THE NEUTRAL:
So lets tackle the part, which I am confident will be resolved soon, before diving into the unpleasant last bit. Obviously the power creep is real, but I wont argue about that, because the result speaks for itself: its a blast to play these bronze bombs. CDPR stated that the other factions will catch up and I fully support this idea, bronzes should be the backbone of a deck. So now for the more relevant topics surrounding balance which need to be discussed: Tech Cards and general Flexibility/Consistency. To get into it: this how I understand balance: In the perfect meta, each leader has a (tier 1) deck that follows a specific game plan. all of these decks have a 50% chance to win against ALL other (tier 1) decks. Now some Leaders/Decks are more popular then others, be it because people like to slam huge stuff on the board (big monsters), or because boobs - lets call it "aesthetics" (dryads) or because a leader is just a crowd favourite from the games lore. That's where tech cards come in: they get more value in a specific match up, but loose value in others.
Lets look at two cards that have a similar goal, but a different approach: Geralt of Rivia (GoR) and Geralt: Professional (GP). Both have 3 strength and costs 10/11 provisions, so very close as well. GoR destroys any units with 8 or more strength and blanks on anything below. GP damages any unit by 3 and if its a multiple of 3, destroys it. Both of these cards will vastly improve your chance of winning against big monsters, GoR even more than GP - so lets say GoR makes it a 60/40 match up while GP manages a 55/45. But against something like an NR engine deck, both of these cards may loose you the game! Again, GoR more then GP: lets assume 40/60 and 45/55. These are good tech cards, they have upsides and downsides - they will help in a specific situations, but be a burden in others! If we now compare them with cards like Kalkenstein (purify) (7 for 7) or Tunnel Drill (artefact removal) (6 for 6). We notice that there is no value loss if the conditions are not met and that is REALY bad.
Tech cards NEED to loose value if they do not find their target, otherwise there is no point in trying to play the countered archetype any more - they do not have to fear the downside to having a much higher winratio against your deck. This destroys deck diversity. As for which out of GoR or GP has the better design? For me its GP by a long shot, mostly because it is less binary. you will always get some value by removing something small, but you may gain huge value if you hit the right target. But it also promotes counter play and interactivity (I'm ignoring Eithne for this), because both sides can influence the outcome and play around it. This can be extremely rewarding for both players. We need more tech cards like this!

THE BAD:
And so we get the the main issue I have with gwent atm: INTERACTIVITY and BINARY DESIGN! Almost all balance updates try to improve these two issues: be it the Artefact disaster in dez/jan, or the no unit decks, or the constant nerves to direct dmg cards like Ifrit, Regis, Chironex,... or lastly the broken game finishers like HUGEBERT (lets ignore the thinning nerves, because that's a huge topic on its own). And now, after all these nerves regarding this issue, we are in the worst state we have ever been. EVERY deck revolves only around DIRECT DMG vs POINT SLAM, ARTIFACTS and most importantly A HUGE FINISHER. We have more and better direct removal than ever, making any engine without zeal utterly unplayable. This was getting worse over the last expansions, because CDPR keeps printing new direct dmg cards - we have a solution for everything now: dmg through shield, purify + dmg, dmg and banish, dmg and dmg.. and more dmg (and now steal, abduct and abuse as well). Not even the graveyard is save any more. This has to stop.
Because of this, the only counter is to not play any interactable units at all and end with a huge finisher on the last turn. Due to the coin mechanic, SY excels at this. Best examples are coerced blacksmith: (a 5p Fee engine that can produce a swing of 22 points for Gudrun) and WH executioner bounty abuse that gets more and more popular, stacking indirect value and then cashing it all in on the last possible turn, so no one can react to it. Bronze cards should not be able to produce this much value as a finisher. Even gold ones are very critical (hello hubert, hello dagur, hello sheldon). but because these cards cost just 5p, you have so much provision left to win the first round with your gold cards that its almost impossible for other factions to compete.
We need to break out of this cycle and focus on another kind of removal again: soft removal. The interaction between Lock and Purify is actually really interesting and fun. But it never comes to this, because why lock an engine when you can also just kill it with no deficit? Row restrictions and movement is also a great interaction. You could add weather like biting frost that adds a cool down to engines, or make fog make a lane untargetable for units with reach (and add more unit-interaction like blood moon/vampire,..). And then add weathers that have a positive effect, like a warm breeze that buffs a unit each round. Let the timers of these weather conditions stack, like bleeding and vitality does, to cancle each other out. And most importantly: make removal less binary! If an order deals 1dmg to 3 targets on the ranged row, it should still deal 1 dmg to 1 target on melee. make lock time based (like lock for 5 turns) so there is interaction! (you can pass before the engine can get used again, or you could lock it again in the final round, ....)
Ofc a lot of engines would have to be balanced as well, cap them by a cool down, or a maximum of charges they can use and so on. There are endless possibilities and ALL OF THEM are better the the plain and boring direct removal options we have now. Some artefacts like the svalblod totem are a great example of a less binary and interactive design. It gives value immediately, but the order ability allows you to gain additional value later on - but that can be interrupted! GIVE ME MORE OF THAT!
PLEASE don't just give all NR engines zeal and print more direct dmg cards. We need interaction, we want to plan and think about out turns. The positive feedback to this side of the coin mechanic shows it, this is a lot of fun. Make coin intractable for both sides in a way that does not feel to bad as well! (not exactly sure how to do that: some ideas below at the end, discuss this with me please!

Summery:
I really like some of the new approaches on depth in gameplay and deck building. there are a lot of interesting decisions to make and thinking ahead gets rewarded, it feels awesome to achieve your game plan after struggeling through all the calculations. I am confident that the balance around bronze cards will be restored in the future and I absolutely approve of the idea that they are the core of your deck to build around, not some thrash that gets tossed asap. I would like them to keep improving the flexibility of cards and reduce the binary gaps existing in the game. BUT there has to be a price (on provisions) for flex/tech cards!
That all being said, I really fear the direction we are travelling towards - and sadly this sucks all the fun out of gwent for me atm.. the game revolves more and more around direct removal, going so far to even deny the graveyard mechanic (banish against revive, flying redanien,.. ). While i enjoy the Coin-mechanic for its depth, I absolutely dislike the uninteractive part. stockpiling it is way to easy and that makes the carry over a problem (but I like the idea). Please take a step away from hard removal, and step towards interactivity. Add more soft removal and look for new ways to generate value over time: weather (explained above), ...

Thanks for reading! Sorry for my passion and my bad spelling and grammar. I tried to correct it as best as I can, but I'm really bad at proof reading my own stuff :/ There is a lot more stuff i wanted to include and I most likely forgot something important, but that's what the discussion is for! feel free to share your opinion, this has gotten way longer then I had in mind.

*ideas for interaction with coins:
-some few units that steal half the coins, rounded up (9->5, 8->4, 7->4,..coins), like a bronze 5p tech-card and.. I am looking at you angouleme - like a new deploy effect for the melee row, ranged stays the same!
-give some SY units a death wish that consumes some coins. (but that would promote direct dmg)
-or just make coins harder to get? I honestly did not think to much about this yet, give me your ideas!
submitted by Shagric to gwent [link] [comments]

Fyodor Dostoevsky's "Notes from Underground" May Have Completely Demolished My Life Philosophy

So a little background information to start off with: I'm a 29 year old male that finds a keen interest in human behavior, mainly how we confront life and the suffering we go through, how rationality/emotion may dictate our actions, etc etc. For that, I find great interest in studying History (ex: the 20th Century, for obvious reasons: Holocaust, Wars, Famine, Communism), Philosophy (the belief of Stoicism plays a huge role in my life), Behavioral Psychology and just general sociological trends, alongside my every day interactions with others in my life.
Through all this studying and analysis, I'd determined a common pattern throughout it all - that we, as humans, suffer (not the most groundbreaking, earth-shattering revelations I admit). We all go through terrible trials throughout life, not just on account of nature but in the suffering we cause each other - misunderstandings, miscommunications, irrationality, insecurities, you name it. So, as a personal philosophy of mine, I've always tried to make it an aim of mine to go against this grain, so to speak: express patience, be understanding towards others, be thoughtful, empathetic, mindful of the struggles of others. It's always been a personal goal of mine to try to be that inspirational seed, of sort, that may spark a chain reaction in others - perhaps through this, we may find a means to strike harmony within our interactions and perpetuate positivity.
I had read Fyodor Dostoevsky's "Notes from Underground" once this year: those that have read it will already know that the novel is split into two - the heavily philosophical rant of the Part I and the personal story recitation of the Part II. Part II naturally resonated more with me as it was written with more.. relatable emotion, you may say, not to mention how dense and abstract Part I is (for those that haven't read it - the narrator is extremely unreliable and mercurial lmao)
To get into the main point of this post.. I had picked it up to read a second time and was able to take a more leisurely approach to Part I. And through this slower meditation, compounded with a little reference material outside the book to give perspective, the message Dostoyevsky was trying to convey may have elucidated for me:
Perhaps life is miserable and rife with suffering, and perhaps every day is a deplorable ordeal because of it.. but as humans - conscious beings, Fyodor stresses - maybe this originates from our need to affirm ourselves as free. We of course are free to make choices in our life.. and the reasonable option between any two choices would be, naturally it would seem, to make choices that lend us profit, that benefit us. But, if our life is composed of choices that we have calculated, weighed and chosen as the most beneficial path to ourselves.. how free are we actually? Maybe, as conscious beings, we subconsciously acknowledge this binary game of supposed advantageous rationality and how robotic it is all is ultimately (rationality lending ultimately to an acceptance of agreeing that 2+2=4).. and PURPOSELY go against it, to prove to ourselves that we can. We understand that we can do the right thing, we can listen to reason, and be fair and serve ourselves and others as best we can at any moment in time (which, Biologically speaking, does serve us best as a species to care for others).. and instead choose to spite this, to prove to ourselves that we can - that we hold power in going against that.
Well then, this kinda left me in a mental mess - how can I truly believe that humans can shift towards ultimate good, eventually, through the right actions - towards a utopia, if you will (an idea which sounds ridiculous, I admit, but.. appeared to be such a tempting ideal to aim for) - how can I still believe in achieving that if there lies a notion even more base or foundational to the human experience: that before we may even wish to do good or bad in the world, may we first wish to express that we exist in said world - that we are not controlled by binary pathways or choices which should be obvious, regardless of the consequences. Fyodor draws reference to history and of course, that serves as an indisputable argument to the truly apparently irrationality of human nature - wars, famines, violence, genocides, nuclear weaponry. Is that all we may exist for at the end of the day - a proclamation of, by any means necessary, "I Can"?
Barring any further thought into this, I figure it comes down to a binary choice of my own: as a self-proclaimed Scientist and Philosopher, do I adjust my views and aims to reflect and incorporate such a revelation (ie: basically adjust my whole damn life persona, expectations, aims), or do I remain faithful (read: stubborn) in believing that we humans can still be better.. originating from a level of micro-interactions (that is, how I treat the next person I interact with).
I plan to ruminate on this a bit more but I thought to share this with others - maybe someone else has experienced the same ordeal, or perhaps it may even draw more of an audience towards this terrific book and author. I hope I was able to express myself clearly (I'll surely think of more to add as soon as I submit this, knowing myself lmao). Regardless, thank you again for your time and consideration if you made it this far.
submitted by OhhSooHungry to books [link] [comments]

The Breadtube Pipeline

Here's vids on themes of the alt right (racism & xenophobia, capitalism, transphobia, queerphobia, misogyny, statism, rhetoric) & the stupidity of some of the creators in or making a pipeline to it in bold (before that, watch Contrapoints' video on the fetishisation of "free speech" & how it's misinterpreted; Does the Left Hate Free Speech.
If anyone can mirror these vids, given they'll likely be mass flagged if used to any significant extent, that'd be great. For any that require age verification, nsfwyoutube should usually work if you haven't got a google account or your account/browser isn't allowing viewing.

On race & xenophobia

Before we get into the other videos, here's some reading on the "Irish slave" myth: https://medium.com/@Limerick1914/the-imagery-of-the-irish-slaves-myth-dissected-143e70aa6e74 & here's a video on it by The Unemployed Historian: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8GhuimR2Kis
Black Lives Matter
Non white cultures
From Nothing, an African history channel run by an African American, has made:
Race & IQ subsection (If you're a race "realist", start here)
Other forms of race "realism" subsection (If you're a race "realist", start here)
Immigration subsection
Islamophobia
Confederacy
Holocaust Denial
If you want reading, take a read of this: https://web.archive.org/web/20190514135040/http://www.nizkor.org/ or this: https://www.hdot.org/debunking-denial/ (or both) & if you're going to be a denier, never rely on the work, or derivatives of the work, of David Irving, as he was proven in court to be a liar: https://www.bailii.org/ew/cases/EWHC/QB/2000/115.html; this thread may also be helpful: https://www.reddit.com/AskHistorians/comments/549oah/holocaust_questions/

Creators on the right being counterfactual

Capitalism is garbage

The basics to understand the rest
The rest
Capitalism vs Housing
Capitalism vs Mental Health
Capitalism vs Gaming
Intellectual Property (Propped Up By Capitalism) vs Creativity

Transphobia is nonsense (& makes nonsensical situations)

This is quite comperehensive: https://www.reddit.com/musicotic/comments/8ttud4/a_comprehensive_defense_of_trans_people/
For the gender abolitionists among anyone reading, I encourage you to watch Gender Abolition? by Anarchopac: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vAKcixWvxYM
WoMeN & GiRlS SpAcEs
Transgender Children
ROGD (The first 3 say roughly the paper is bunk, the 4th regards the correction issued by PLOS)
Non-binary Folks
A Note On Sex (not the NSFW kind) As A Spectrum For The Chronic Transphobe
1: Words are invented for their utility for describing things.
2: "Sex" is a word invented to have utility in describing all sexual variation.
3: Sex is typically defined as a binary that is set from birth, by social conservatives. I will call this the "stuck binary" model from here, not a technical term, just a clear phrase I made up just now.
4: Sexual variation is a binomial spectrum (https://twitter.com/ScienceVet2/status/1035246030500061184), partially made clear in intersex folks; or even that the same person can have 2 sets of chromosomes in the same body (XX & XY in different places, for example) or be infertile if you're basing your classification on gametes.
5: Transgender folks can (but don't always) change thier primary & secondary sexual characteristics with surgeries & medicine
6: Science cannot make claims that we ought to make a category but those participating in the creation of science can observe that something(s) exist(s).
Conclusion: Given premise 2, the utility of the word "sex" is diminished when used (as in 3) synonymously with the "stuck binary" model as it does not (4 & 5) accurately describe sexual varition as it is supposed to. Given 6 it is up to us whether we use a different word, redefine the word, or give up on having a word, as science cannot tell us from what does exist, how we ought to make categories from that data.
As I do not want to make the word "sex" entirely useless since it can still serve good utility describing sexual variation if redefined, sex ought be redefined as a spectrum with a binomial distribution in line with what is actually true about sexual variation, & be applied in such a way that the assignment is not static, in line with accurately representing the bodies with which we seek to apply the word.
Where you may disagree:
If you don't think the word "sex" ought to describe all sexual variation including modification of those sexual characteristics, that's an option (though it can & will & does have awful consequences for those who don't fit neatly into 2 option schema as detailed in the linked thread & in many places elsewhere), but you can't just defer to science & say it decides for you what you ought to do. People can make ought claims about categories & words, science (as far as it is the systematised description of reality) cannot. Only we can say "this is that & this is this other thing & that is that other thing & you over there don't even get to say you have a sex", categories weren't around before there were people to make them up.
BUT
This logic is too often circular (pointed out to me by this vid by 2 NB Polish socialists, "Biological sex as a spectrum" by TransGrysy: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=igjhN5puQIk, it's English subbed & I urge you to subscribe to them & donate to them if you can afford it since the leftist presence is much lesser in Poland) where transgender folks & intersex folks are disregared as abberations or failures of nature or similar as justification for not changing the model of sex from the "stuck binary" model to something actually representative of sexual variation, but the only reason this is said is because they differ from the "stuck binary" model. It justifies the model on the basis that the model is currently used, which is frankly ridiculous circular logic.

Queerphobia Is Awful

Queer history
Queerness In Non-Human Animals
If you couldn't be bothered to read this page: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homosexual_behavior_in_animals; here's some videos:

Misogyny Is Bad Actually

Men's Rights Antifeminism Is Silly

While I have you here, The ManKind Intiative (https://www.mankind.org.uk/) does great work helping guys who are victims of domestic violence, donate to them or your local equivalent of them if you can.

Anti-Statism

While you're here, fellow leftists, here's the anarchist critique of seizing state power - Means & Ends: The Anarchist Critique of Seizing State Power by Anarchopac: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vsRyTWBj84E
Prison Industrial Complex
Education For Obedience
If Voting Produced Revolution, They'd Make It Illegal
Military Industrial Complex
State Propagandism
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