Visualizing Dynamic Bitcoin Transaction Patterns | Big Data

12.7 PATCH NOTES

Dear Escapers!
We are glad to present you the preliminary patch notes for the 0.12.7 patch!
---
Added:
---
• Customs expansion (expansion of industrial area, construction site, added many new explorable buildings, stationary weapons, new location for Reshala spawn etc.)
• Added new scav boss - Sanitar.
A former doctor, he worked in the health resort "Lazurny bereg", and before that in the TerraGroup laboratory. After the events that happened in Tarkov, he gathered a gang with former colleagues and operates on the "Shoreline". Actively uses professional skills in combat, quickly healing himself and the gang members. He uses various stimulants and medications, including those of his own production. He can quickly perform surgery by pulling out a bullet or applying a tourniquet on the field. Sometimes he is loyal to the Scavs and can leave a couple of first-aid kits or other medical supplies for his own group members on location
• New quests on Shoreline
• System for reporting suspicious players, unacceptable nicknames and game bugs abusers (on the post-match screen)
Improved AI behavior:
• Bots can pick up items now
• Improved AI behavior when they see bodies
• Bots now can pick up a second firearm from bodies
• AI now can greet each other or player scavs, showing their peaceful intentions
• Bots will eat\drink while in peaceful mode
• AI will perform a mag check when in peaceful mode
• Bots can check someone for friend or foe by aiming at him for some time, if they’re not sure of one’s intentions
• Bots will sprint while patrolling if they consider the spot being dangerous
• AI will be able to storm the player as a group, if he’s holding position and attacking them
• AI will try to avoid dangerous places
---
New weapons:
---
• FN GL40 Grenade launcher
• Mossberg 590A1 Shotgun
---
New ammo:
---
• .366 AP-M
• .45 ACP Hydr-Shock
• 9x19 mm QuakeMaker
• 9x19 mm 7N31
• .45 ACP Lasermatch FMJ
• .45 ACP AP
• 7.62x51 mm M993
• 40x46 мм M381 HE
• 40x46 мм M386 HE
• 40x46 мм M406 HE
• 40x46 мм M433 HEDP
• 40x46 мм M441 HE
• 40x46 мм M576 buckshot
---
Added new stimulants:
---
• 3-(b-TG)
• L1 (Noradrenaline)
• P22 (Specimen 22)
• AHF1-M
• Meldonin
• "Obdolbos" cocktail
• M.U.L.E
• Added an additional icon for the network connection status in case of high packet loss
• In the container slots window, the container tag is now displayed in the header
---
Iteration of improving and reworking the skill system:
---
New skill "Surgery"
• Reduces HP penalty for surgery
• Improved surgery speed
• (Elite) No HP penalty for the restored body part
• (Elite) Maximum increase in the speed of surgery
New skill "Aim drills"
• Increase of the aiming speed
• Decrease the volume of aiming
• (Elite) No hand shaking at any stamina value, first 2 seconds after aiming
• (Elite) Reduced hands shaking during tremor and fracture, the first 2 seconds after aiming
Rework of the “Strength” skill
• Increase all weight limits
• Increase the speed of the sprint
• Increase the jump height
• Increase the strength of the grenade throw
• Increase the strength of a melee attack
• (Elite) The weight does not take into account the weapons on the sling and on the back
• (Elite) Melee attack can be stronger than usual
Rework of the "Endurance" skill
• Increased feet stamina
• Reduced stamina consumption for jumping
• Increased holding breath time when ads
• Increased the speed of breath recovery
• (Elite) Maximum increase in breathing recovery rate
• (Elite) Breathing is no longer dependent on energy
• (Elite) Increased stamina reserve
Various fixes in old skills
• Added 5 HP to the health of “Chest” zone (from 80 to 85)
---
Optimization:
---
• Optimized the rendering of decals
• Fixed freezes that happened when the sound of thunder or the sound of grenades exploding was played
• Optimized the performance of the game server
• Fixed an issue with killing the boss of a group of raiders who appeared on the scene after interacting with the trigger was leading to errors on the server
• Minor optimizations on the first shot or hit
• Optimization of hideout sounds
• Fixes of errors that could potentially lead to different freezes
---
Fixed:
---
• Iteration of fixes and corrections in UI
• Bug with the PostFX menu that remains on the screen after closing the settings
• Bug playing the sound of contusion if the sound is turned off in the settings
• Bug of jerky animation of shooting weapons in the Hideout shooting range
• The passage of raiders on the laboratory through the doors
• A bug that allowed you to quickly move when constantly tapping the "Run" button when overweight
• AS VAL with the handle adapter "Rotor 43" is now impossible to fold
• Inability to exit the location via the paid exit “Car”, if you reconnect at the start of the exfil timer
• Bug with throwing away the magazine when reloading the weapon via the context menu
• Error 228 when receiving items from an expired email
• Formulas for calculating prices for items with its resource and its commissions
• After the reconnect, the equipment that was not searched become searched
• The sound of the visor on/off remained at one point, and does not follow the character
• Bug that wouldn't block buttons on the bottom panel after reconnecting as a Scav
• Interface block if you go to the “Map” screen without a map
• Bug when the "Receive all" button opened only the first and last message with items
• Various bugs with switching the sound from “outdoor " to "indoor", and back, when reconnecting
• Bug of not blocking an item after it was added to the merchant's sales table
• Cartridges from packs of cartridges found in raid now have the status " found in the raid”
• Error when studying items from the scav box
• Fixes in the flea Market
• The search will be updated if you delete and add an item to the wish list
• Loss of a player's nickname and rating from the offer line after applying filters
• The “search by item" option now resets the selected filters
• Bug displaying the loading spinner on top of the list of offers
• The mount without the “Found in raid" label ceased to be semitransparent (blocked) in the selection of the item for the offer, if you put and remove the mod on it
• Bug when the merchant's avatar was flattened
• Incorrect tag behavior on marked items for a flea market offer if you select multiple items from the container, closing and opening the container
• Horizontal scrollbar on the product sales screen
• Bug when the player couldn't put 2 identical weapons on the flea market if one of them was included in the starter kit for pre-order
• Error 1508 - You send bad items- when putting an empty pack of cartridges on a flea Market
• Bug, when for buying through a flea market goods from npc merchants needed items found in raid
Fixed in weapon presets
• Displaying the indicator “you have mods to build” when there are no mods for the build in the stash
• Bug when the build could have been built with the wrong mod that was not in the preset
• Weapon disassembly bug if you build the same preset twice with the same weapon
• Ability to select items that are blocked for purchase, via the presets by clicking the button “Select all”
• Packs of items are no longer displayed in the purchase lists of preset mods
• The purchase lists of presets no longer display items the player's own offers
• Added an error about lack of space when purchasing preset mods
• Bug when opening presets through the lower panel that caused the game client to freeze
Fixed in the hideout
• Various fixes in the bitcoin farm
• White authorization screen if you improve the pre-order version while in the hideout
• Bug when it was possible to install a filter with zero resource in the “Water collector” and it could not be uninstalled
• Calculation of fuel consumption time in the “Generator " zone
• Bug duplicating the canister icon, when selecting a canister, in the “Generator" zone
• Various bugs in group chat
• Bugs with the discharge of weapons in the stash
• Incorrect position of the fire mod pin and the turn of the barrel of the PPSH
• Visual bug for displaying a zero bonus in the base level zones in the Hideout
• Visual bug with the availability of time selection before the raid on the Laboratory screen
• A bug where the player could spawn outside the location
• Spamming error NullReferenceException: MuzzleManager
• An error that occurs every time after treatment or getting a fracture
• "Failed to create device file" error that occurs during client downtime
• Errors when assigning voice commands
• Spamming error when a large number of bots are active in the offline mode
• Various errors while loading in raid
• Various bugs and issues with Customs location
• Various bugs and improvements related to AI
• Fixed a bug when bots didn't follow a grenade throw with a voiceline
• Fixed a handful of bugs related to bots getting stuck
• Fixed a bug where a Gluhar would not react to a killed in the head ally
• Fixed a bug when bots tried to heal a blacked out body part
• Bots are now able to treat debuffs on blacked out body parts again
• Fixed a handful of bugs with bots knocking out doors
• Other AI related bug fixes and improvements
• Various localization fixes and improvements
• Other minor bugs and issues
---
Changed:
---
• Now it is possible to examine items from the construction requirements screen in the Hideout
• Added displaying the time before the bleeding effect disappears in the stash
• Now if you are not matched to the raid within 45 minutes, the search will be canceled
• Updated SV-98 animation, hold, new animations when entering and exiting a sprint, new hold in the menu and on the loading screen
• Updated PPSH animation, hold, and new animations when entering and exiting a sprint
submitted by lordwerneo to EscapefromTarkov [link] [comments]

Patch Notes Thread

Dear Escapers!
We are glad to present you the preliminary patch notes for the 0.12.7 patch!
Added:
• Customs expansion (expansion of industrial area, construction site, added many new explorable buildings, stationary weapons, new location for Reshala spawn etc.)
• Added new scav boss - Sanitar.
A former doctor, he worked in the health resort "Lazurny bereg", and before that in the TerraGroup laboratory. After the events that happened in Tarkov, he gathered a gang with former colleagues and operates on the "Shoreline". Actively uses professional skills in combat, quickly healing himself and the gang members. He uses various stimulants and medications, including those of his own production. He can quickly perform surgery by pulling out a bullet or applying a tourniquet on the field. Sometimes he is loyal to the Scavs and can leave a couple of first-aid kits or other medical supplies for his own group members on location
• New quests on Shoreline
• System for reporting suspicious players, unacceptable nicknames and game bugs abusers (on the post-match screen)
Improved AI behavior:
• Bots can pick up items now
• Improved AI behavior when they see bodies
• Bots now can pick up a second firearm from bodies
• AI now can greet each other or player scavs, showing their peaceful intentions
• Bots will eat\drink while in peaceful mode
• AI will perform a mag check when in peaceful mode
• Bots can check someone for friend or foe by aiming at him for some time, if they’re not sure of one’s intentions
• Bots will sprint while patrolling if they consider the spot being dangerous
• AI will be able to storm the player as a group, if he’s holding position and attacking them
• AI will try to avoid dangerous places
New weapons:
• FN GL40 Grenade launcher
• Mossberg 590A1 Shotgun
New ammo:
• .366 AP-M
• .45 ACP Hydr-Shock
• 9x19 mm QuakeMaker
• 9x19 mm 7N31
• .45 ACP Lasermatch FMJ
• .45 ACP AP
• 7.62x51 mm M993
• 40x46 мм M381 HE
• 40x46 мм M386 HE
• 40x46 мм M406 HE
• 40x46 мм M433 HEDP
• 40x46 мм M441 HE
• 40x46 мм M576 buckshot
Added new stimulants:
• 3-(b-TG)
• L1 (Noradrenaline)
• P22 (Specimen 22)
• AHF1-M
• Meldonin
• "Obdolbos" cocktail
• M.U.L.E
• Added an additional icon for the network connection status in case of high packet loss
• In the container slots window, the container tag is now displayed in the header
Iteration of improving and reworking the skill system:
New skill "Surgery"
• Reduces HP penalty for surgery
• Improved surgery speed
• (Elite) No HP penalty for the restored body part
• (Elite) Maximum increase in the speed of surgery
New skill "Aim drills"
• Increase of the aiming speed
• Decrease the volume of aiming
• (Elite) No hand shaking at any stamina value, first 2 seconds after aiming
• (Elite) Reduced hands shaking during tremor and fracture, the first 2 seconds after aiming
Rework of the “Strength” skill
• Increase all weight limits
• Increase the speed of the sprint
• Increase the jump height
• Increase the strength of the grenade throw
• Increase the strength of a melee attack
• (Elite) The weight does not take into account the weapons on the sling and on the back
• (Elite) Melee attack can be stronger than usual
Rework of the "Endurance" skill
• Increased feet stamina
• Reduced stamina consumption for jumping
• Increased holding breath time when ads
• Increased the speed of breath recovery
• (Elite) Maximum increase in breathing recovery rate
• (Elite) Breathing is no longer dependent on energy
• (Elite) Increased stamina reserve
Various fixes in old skills
• Added 5 HP to the health of “Chest” zone (from 80 to 85)
Optimization:
• Optimized the rendering of decals
• Fixed freezes that happened when the sound of thunder or the sound of grenades exploding was played
• Optimized the performance of the game server
• Fixed an issue with killing the boss of a group of raiders who appeared on the scene after interacting with the trigger was leading to errors on the server
• Minor optimizations on the first shot or hit
• Optimization of hideout sounds
• Fixes of errors that could potentially lead to different freezes
Fixed:
• Iteration of fixes and corrections in UI
• Bug with the PostFX menu that remains on the screen after closing the settings
• Bug playing the sound of contusion if the sound is turned off in the settings
• Bug of jerky animation of shooting weapons in the Hideout shooting range
• The passage of raiders on the laboratory through the doors
• A bug that allowed you to quickly move when constantly tapping the "Run" button when overweight
• AS VAL with the handle adapter "Rotor 43" is now impossible to fold
• Inability to exit the location via the paid exit “Car”, if you reconnect at the start of the exfil timer
• Bug with throwing away the magazine when reloading the weapon via the context menu
• Error 228 when receiving items from an expired email
• Formulas for calculating prices for items with its resource and its commissions
• After the reconnect, the equipment that was not searched become searched
• The sound of the visor on/off remained at one point, and does not follow the character
• Bug that wouldn't block buttons on the bottom panel after reconnecting as a Scav
• Interface block if you go to the “Map” screen without a map
• Bug when the "Receive all" button opened only the first and last message with items
• Various bugs with switching the sound from “outdoor " to "indoor", and back, when reconnecting
• Bug of not blocking an item after it was added to the merchant's sales table
• Cartridges from packs of cartridges found in raid now have the status " found in the raid”
• Error when studying items from the scav box
• Fixes in the flea Market
• The search will be updated if you delete and add an item to the wish list
• Loss of a player's nickname and rating from the offer line after applying filters
• The “search by item" option now resets the selected filters
• Bug displaying the loading spinner on top of the list of offers
• The mount without the “Found in raid" label ceased to be semitransparent (blocked) in the selection of the item for the offer, if you put and remove the mod on it
• Bug when the merchant's avatar was flattened
• Incorrect tag behavior on marked items for a flea market offer if you select multiple items from the container, closing and opening the container
• Horizontal scrollbar on the product sales screen
• Bug when the player couldn't put 2 identical weapons on the flea market if one of them was included in the starter kit for pre-order
• Error 1508 - You send bad items- when putting an empty pack of cartridges on a flea Market
• Bug, when for buying through a flea market goods from npc merchants needed items found in raid
Fixed in weapon presets
• Displaying the indicator “you have mods to build” when there are no mods for the build in the stash
• Bug when the build could have been built with the wrong mod that was not in the preset
• Weapon disassembly bug if you build the same preset twice with the same weapon
• Ability to select items that are blocked for purchase, via the presets by clicking the button “Select all”
• Packs of items are no longer displayed in the purchase lists of preset mods
• The purchase lists of presets no longer display items the player's own offers
• Added an error about lack of space when purchasing preset mods
• Bug when opening presets through the lower panel that caused the game client to freeze
Fixed in the hideout
• Various fixes in the bitcoin farm
• White authorization screen if you improve the pre-order version while in the hideout
• Bug when it was possible to install a filter with zero resource in the “Water collector” and it could not be uninstalled
• Calculation of fuel consumption time in the “Generator " zone
• Bug duplicating the canister icon, when selecting a canister, in the “Generator" zone
• Various bugs in group chat
• Bugs with the discharge of weapons in the stash
• Incorrect position of the fire mod pin and the turn of the barrel of the PPSH
• Visual bug for displaying a zero bonus in the base level zones in the Hideout
• Visual bug with the availability of time selection before the raid on the Laboratory screen
• A bug where the player could spawn outside the location
• Spamming error NullReferenceException: MuzzleManager
• An error that occurs every time after treatment or getting a fracture
• "Failed to create device file" error that occurs during client downtime
• Errors when assigning voice commands
• Spamming error when a large number of bots are active in the offline mode
• Various errors while loading in raid
• Various bugs and issues with Customs location
• Various bugs and improvements related to AI
• Fixed a bug when bots didn't follow a grenade throw with a voiceline
• Fixed a handful of bugs related to bots getting stuck
• Fixed a bug where a Gluhar would not react to a killed in the head ally
• Fixed a bug when bots tried to heal a blacked out body part
• Bots are now able to treat debuffs on blacked out body parts again
• Fixed a handful of bugs with bots knocking out doors
• Other AI related bug fixes and improvements
• Various localization fixes and improvements
• Other minor bugs and issues
Changed:
• Now it is possible to examine items from the construction requirements screen in the Hideout
• Added displaying the time before the bleeding effect disappears in the stash
• Now if you are not matched to the raid within 45 minutes, the search will be canceled
• Updated SV-98 animation, hold, new animations when entering and exiting a sprint, new hold in the menu and on the loading screen
• Updated PPSH animation, hold, and new animations when entering and exiting a sprint
submitted by MiNNOCENTWORKACCOUNT to TheScavLands [link] [comments]

THE RIGHT TO ENCRYPTION

TREATY ON THE RIGHT OF DIGITAL INTEGRITY By Mario Rocha, April 2020.
Any type of society belonging to a democratic state of law, whose interactions have spread in a digitally open society, will inherently be expanding the sphere and legal personality of each and every one of its members. Therefore, the right to the protection of digital integrity, together with the rights to physical and emotional integrity, is part of the human rights, fundamental and individual guarantees, of the human being.
The right to the digital integrity of the human being, makes it possible to claim the rights to privacy in informative self-determination, autonomy and freedom of choice. The right to digital integrity becomes a general justification for all data protection principles and rules, changing the purpose and legal interpretations to the protection of the digital individual, rather than just protecting data.
Guaranteeing the protection of the right to digital privacy is only possible through freedom of use and the exercise of the act of encrypting. Exercising the right to encrypt is the only act that guarantees us digital enjoyment of both the rights of privacy and the rights of freedom of expression; since in the act of encrypting we confer privacy on free expression. Privacy gives us the power to selectively reveal ourselves to the entire world, thereby guaranteeing our identity in any type of publication, communication, exchange and transaction. These fundamental rights are not negotiable, they do not admit weighting between them or against others. They are fundamental to freedom in a digitally open society.
The power of these rights is only conferred to those who defend them, through their practice and use, in accordance with a contract of social adherence, open to the entire world and for a digital society that knows no borders or delimitations, so a state finds no use; where the transfer of property and value only involves the beneficiaries, so no institution or trusted intermediaries are necessary; where chaos is actively regulated by each and every one of its members, so any type of government finds no purpose.
This social and economic revolution is inherent in a permanently digital society, and integrates its followers in an individual, free, secret act of common interest in the action of encryption. Guaranteeing digital integrity by permanently exercising the right to encrypt all digital interaction, extinguishes all digital types of: slavery, violence, repression, coercion, persecution, discrimination and xenophobia; therefore, the enjoyment of digital integrity and your digital rights are guaranteed to: Wealth, Security, Privacy, Equality, Suffrage, Freedom of expression and Freedom of communication.
Just as states guarantee their right to privacy, freedom, autonomy and existence through governmental and institutional control of their currency, in the same way a digitally open, free and autonomous society has the right to guarantee their autarchy, autonomy and existence, through a digital economy based on intellectual resources inherent to the digital society itself, all these resources, such as their equivalence, representation and exchange, must be through a HARD CRYPTOCURRENCY coin.
A HARD CRYPTOCURRENCY must be decentralized to the states, governments, institutions and individuals; Be useful without the need for trusted intermediaries; Be autonomous in its emission and destruction; Be deflationary through finite quantitative tightening; Be from public records and verifications; And be completely irreversible in your transactions and proof of double spending.
The active coexistence of both currencies does not threaten their own stocks, since in their issues, contents, forms and profits, they find different purposes. While a FIAT currency will always be necessary to continue with the social contract between the states and their citizens, a HARD CRYPTOCURRENCY will always be necessary to establish and continue the social contract between digital individuals.
For a digital economy of intellectual resources to be incorruptible and guarantee its continuity and existence in freedom, autarky and autonomy; It will not admit, nor will it recognize in any way, any type of financial instruments related to options, parity, collaterals, titles, bonds, futures, synthetics and derivatives; Nor does it admit or recognize in any way, any type of financial mechanism related to the policies of fractional reserve banking, expansion of deposits and leverage. In this way it is guaranteed that the creation and generation of new and own wealth will only be alone and through effort and work, applied to time, the latter being the most valuable asset in the entire world.
The digital integrity in all its forms and all its contents, must guarantee the security of the encryption, normalizing that all types of encryption must be from HARD CRYPTOGRAPHY, it must be composed and integrated, by data authentication only by the beneficiary and through the use of end-to-end encryption multilayers, with asymmetric elliptic curve cryptography or higher. Digital integrity in all its forms and content, must guarantee freedom, equality, privacy and security, in the access and use of individuals to the HARD CRYPTOGRAPHY, normalizing that the beneficiary is the only one who has access and the right to the creation, administration and custody of your own public and private keys and their derivations.
Digital integrity in forms and content of digital privacy, must guarantee equality, privacy and security, in the protection of digital data, normalizing that all programming codes and data transfer protocols, enable communications, exchanges, transactions, own records and digital identities; are carried out with HARD CRYPTOGRAPHY.
The digital integrity in forms and contents of digital communications, must guarantee the equality, security and privacy of internet users, normalizing that all kinds of internet connections made through the OS, APPS and BROWSERS, are made alone and through the TOR network or through VPNs with HARD CRYPTOGRAPHY.
The digital integrity in forms and content of data protection, must guarantee the equality, privacy and security of legal persons, normalizing that all kinds of interactions and digital exchanges, messaging, communications and streaming, are carried out alone and through networks P2P with hard encryption. In the same way, normalizing the sending and receiving of e-mails using digital signatures and encryption with HARD CRYPTOGRAPHY or PGP.
The digital integrity in forms and contents of the digital consumer, must guarantee the security, equality and privacy of software consumers, normalizing that the public offer of any type of APPS and OS, is conditioned to the publication of all the integral programming code from the APPS and OS, in any public repository of OPEN SOURCE and FREE SOFTWARE.
The digital integrity in forms and digital mercantile content, must guarantee the equality, security and privacy of digital transactions, normalizing that all types of transmission of value and digital property are made possible through a HARD CRYPTOCURRENCY or BITCOIN; And establish all kinds of contractual relationships, agreements, files and registration, alone and through the SMART CONTRACT in BLOCKCHAIN.
The digital integrity in digital author forms and contents, must guarantee the equality and security of the digital author registers, normalizing that all kinds of intellectual resources are made possible to be published, registered and licensed, under the desired concepts of FREE CONTENT, OPEN CONTENT, COPYLEFT, CREATIVE COMMONS and GNU in GPL AND GFDL.
Both the democratic states of law, which do not include in their legal framework, the fundamental rights to the protection of digital integrity; As individuals, they do not permanently exercise their right to encrypt. They will abandon each and every one of the members who extend their interactions to a digitally open society, to be permanently classified, guarded, controlled, manipulated, monetized and commercialized, by any type of: states, governments, authorities, corporations and legal persons; through their own devices, communications, applications, searches, publications, consumption, registration accounts and any type of health records and digital identity.
submitted by pimpoloo to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Blockchain in Insurance: Use Cases and Implementations

Blockchain in Insurance: Use Cases and Implementations
This article was first posted on Medium: https://medium.com/swlh/blockchain-in-insurance-use-cases-and-implementations-a42a00ebcd91
Almost all major insurers are planning to integrate blockchain by 2021, according to PwC. At first glance, such a high level of commitment to new tech may seem surprising in an old and traditional industry such as insurance. However, enterprise blockchain adoption is poised to help insurers significantly cut costs, become more responsive to customers, and write more business.
Two recurring themes throughout this post are that:
  1. Blockchain can lower costs for insurers and lower insurance premiums for customers.
  2. Blockchain can help insurers understand & price risks better by allowing customer, risk and policy information to be shared more quickly and securely across parties the insurance ecosystem. This will increase revenue and growth prospects by allowing insurers to price insurance products more accurately.
Costs are becoming an issue for insurers. Life insurers in Asia and the US have seen cost ratios climb above 30% and 20% respectively over the past few years. This figure should ideally be below 20%. Part of this is due to increased compliance costs such as Know Your Customer (KYC) and Anti-Money Laundering (AML) laws. A bigger reason is that selling and servicing insurance policies is still a complex and labor intensive process.
Insurance Growth Rates (CAGR) 2012–17. Source: EY
A recent EY insurance market report showed low growth rates for Life insurance and Non-Life insurance outside Asia Pacific. Digging deeper, Life insurance premiums in the US declined by 0.4% from 2012–17.
Insurers find themselves needing to reduce operating costs and write business more effectively. While blockchain is not a magic elixir, proper adoption will help address these needs.

What is Blockchain?

In their book “Blockchain Revolution,” authors Don and Alex Tapscott describe blockchain as “an incorruptible digital ledger of economic transactions that can be programmed to record not just financial transactions but virtually everything of value.”
Organizations need secure ways to record transactions and manage information flows, making blockchain’s appeal easy to see. Blockchains ensures that:
  • All participants have a copy of the digital ledger and that each copy is updated in real-time when transactions occur;
  • There is no centralized server, making hacking next to impossible;
  • A recorded transaction theoretically cannot be reversed, which makes the ledger an immutable source of truth no matter how many participants hold copies;
  • Transaction data, records, and participant identities can be authenticated while remaining private.
Enterprise blockchains used by companies are different from public blockchains such as Bitcoin and Ethereum. Public blockchains are too clunky and slow for enterprise purposes. Enterprises require scale and speed — the ability to process hundreds of thousands of transactions very quickly. Public blockchains suffer from very low transaction speeds. Their verification process is cumbersome because participants are unknown and untrusted. Private enterprise blockchains don’t suffer from this limitation since all participants are known and trusted.
Enterprise blockchains have the following characteristics:
  • Participation requires invitation: all participants in the blockchain network are trusted
  • Data is private and secure: you don’t have access to transactions that you are not a party to, even though you’re on the same blockchain network
  • Enterprise blockchains are fast and light: the network can handle thousands of transactions per second and numerous participants working in tandem
  • ‘Smart contracts’ automate processes: transaction rules and process flows can be programmed to execute automatically, allowing payments and transfers to execute without human intervention, for example
The insurance industry will benefit from blockchain because most underwriting and claims activity requires cooperation among multiple parties. Some of these parties are from outside the firm, making data security important. Reconciling data from multiple sources during claims investigation, for example, is time and resource intensive and prone to manual error. Putting this data on a blockchain would streamline operations.

Blockchain Use Cases in Insurance

Industries have always adopted technology that has made it easier, faster and cheaper to conduct business. Blockchain tech promises to deliver on all three fronts, especially in the insurance industry, which is seen as slow and complex.
Let’s face it, insurance customers don’t enjoy interacting with insurance companies. Customers often deal with time-consuming paper forms when applying for a policy or submitting a claim. They may have to speak with people at insurance companies and hospitals, for example, to get medical insurance claims reimbursed.
On the flip side, insurance companies have to deal with the high costs of managing and servicing policies. Many of these costs are administrative — claims administration, verification and reconciliation of information, and paperwork. Insurance also requires coordination among many parties — consumers, brokers, insurers and reinsurers. This introduces overhead costs that translate to higher premiums paid by customers.
Blockchain can help make selling and servicing insurance better, faster and cheaper by improving fraud prevention, claims management, health insurance, and reinsurance. The end result could be lower prices and better experiences for customers.

Fraud Prevention

According to the FBI, non-health insurance fraud in the US is estimated to be over $40 billion per year, which can cost families between $400–700 per year in extra premiums.
Common types of insurance fraud can be eliminated by moving insurance claims onto a blockchain-based ledger that is shared among insurance companies and cannot be modified. It can prevent criminals from collecting money from different insurers for the same claim, for example.
Blockchain will make coordination easier among insurers. If all insurers access a shared blockchain ledger, they would know if a claim has already been paid. Since all insurers use the same historical claims information, it would also be easier to identify suspicious behavior.
Insurers currently try to detect fraud by using publicly available data as well as data acquired from private companies. The problem is that these data sets are incomplete due to legal constraints around sharing personally identifiable information of individuals. Blockchain, by cryptographically securing data, would allow claims information to be shared across insurers without divulging personally identifiable information.

Claims Management

Putting insurance policies on a blockchain as smart contracts can radically improve the efficiency of Property & Casualty (P&C) insurance, saving insurers more than $200B a year in operating costs according to BCG.
Let’s use car insurance to illustrate this. If you get into a car accident and it was the other driver’s fault, you must submit a claim to your insurance company to recover your loss. Your insurance company investigates your claim and tries to recover money from the other driver’s insurance company. The other insurance company has its own claims processes, which leads to duplicated work, delays, and possible human error. The end result is that you get paid much later than you’d like, and insurers spend time and money on unprofitable activities.
Putting insurance policies and claims data on a blockchain that different insurers, reinsurers, brokers, and other parties can access reduces duplicate manual work by different parties.
Insurance policies as smart contracts on a blockchain automatically execute programmed claims processing actions, automating information transfers between insurers and other parties, and releasing payments to policyholders. Additional info such as claims forms and supporting evidence supplied by policyholders can later be added to the blockchain so that all parties have the same information, making disputes unlikely.

Health Insurance

Blockchain enables fast, accurate, and secure sharing of medical data among healthcare providers and insurers. This will translate into faster health insurance claims processing and lower health insurance costs for customers.
Privacy laws around sharing patient data among hospitals and health insurance providers makes it time-consuming and expensive to process health insurance claims. Lack of data can even lead to insurance claim denials.
Patients deal with numerous doctors, hospitals and insurers over time and across borders. A patient’s medical history exists in fragments across healthcare providers and insurers. Worse, the way in which insurers and healthcare providers cooperate, share patient data, and process claims involves complex manual work & reconciliation. Even the technical infrastructure for medical records is outdated.
Putting encrypted patient records on a blockchain allows healthcare providers and insurers to access a patient’s medical data without sacrificing patient confidentiality. An industry-wide synchronized database of patient data can save the industry billions annually. Patient privacy is ensured because the blockchain stores cryptographic signatures for each medical record, which verifies the authenticity of the record without having to actually store any sensitive info on the blockchain. Changes to a patient’s medical records are also stored on the blockchain, which creates an audit trail.

Reinsurance

Data sharing among insurers and reinsurance companies is complex, time consuming, and requires inefficient manual work. Blockchain can streamline information flows between insurers and reinsurers.
Reinsurers provide insurance to insurance companies. That way, insurance companies won’t get wiped out when many claims occur at once, such as during a hurricane or earthquake.
The problem is that reinsurance processes are lengthy, inefficient, manual and are based on one-off contracts. Insurance companies generally engage multiple reinsurers for the same risk, which means that data has to be shared among many companies to settle claims.
When reinsurers and insurers share a blockchain ledger, data related to policies, premiums and losses can exist on insurers’ and reinsurers’ systems simultaneously. This takes away the need for reconciliation, which saves everyone time and money. Reinsurers can also automate claims processing and settlement.
PricewaterhouseCoopers estimates that blockchain can save the reinsurance industry up to $10 billion, which can then lead to lower insurance premiums for customers.

Blockchain Implementation in Insurance

Saving the best for last, here are just some examples of how the insurance industry is using blockchain. Keep in mind that at this point, there are more prototypes and POCs than full-scale implementations.

R3

R3 is an enterprise blockchain company. It maintains an ecosystem of over 300 firms across industries that build blockchain software apps on top of its Corda platform. These apps can be used across industries from insurance to banking to healthcare. R3 maintains 2 versions of Corda; an open source platform and an enterprise-specific version called Corda Enterprise. Both versions of Corda are compatible with each other.
Insurance-specific applications on Corda are designed to help insurers automate back office activities, streamline operational flows, and generally spend less time on things like claims admin and data processing. There are also apps being development to speed up underwriting and enable faster data sharing among insurers and reinsurers.
Basically, Corda wants to host a common set of insurance apps that the entire industry can use to cut costs and boost revenue. Corda currently boasts over 15 insurance-specific apps, with a few of these deployed into production such as:
  • Blocksure OS: solves problems related to legacy systems, slow manual processes and high rates of error by automating policy admin and claims activities. Policyholders can access all policy and claims info in one app.
  • MIDAS: is a motor insurance authentication platform designed to serve 80 motor insurance companies in Hong Kong. It provides real-time authentication of motor insurance policies, verification, and audit trails. This can help with fraud detection and reduce time required for certain verification activities when it comes to policy and claims management.

B3i

B3i was a blockchain consortium, now an independent software company, supported by leading insurers and reinsurers including Swiss Re, AXA, Zurich, Munich Re, and Allianz. They develop blockchain-based applications for insurers and reinsurers and aim to create industry-wide standards. B3i aims to use blockchain tech to streamline back office processes and claims management — basically lower costs and do things faster. In 2018, B3i switched from IBM’s Hyperledger Fabric to R3’s Corda platform.
In July 2019, they launched a Catastrophe Excess of Loss product on Corda. The product is designed for brokers, insurers and reinsurers to negotiate and place risks more efficiently by reducing manual activities related to placing, renewing and managing treaties.

AXA

In 2017, AXA launched Fizzy, a blockchain platform for flight delay insurance. Customers purchase flight delay insurance, which is recorded in a smart contract. The platform is connected to global air traffic databases and receives flight statuses. If a customer’s flight is delayed for more than two hours, the smart contract automatically triggers payment to the customer.
Customers don’t have to fill out claims forms or speak to service reps. The claim is deposited directly to their bank account. Customer satisfaction: maximized.
AXA does not have to spend time processing claims, verifying flight data, or enduring paperwork for payment authorizations. They save on time & cost and can deploy these resources to more profitable activities.
Update: Fizzy has since been discontinued after 2 years, possibly due to lack of appetite from the travel/airline industry. Regardless, Fizzy was a pioneer of sorts and has laid the groundwork for future blockchain insurance platforms.

Blue Cross

Hong Kong insurer Blue Cross is using blockchain since April 2019 to speed up medical insurance claims processing and prevent fraud.
Blue Cross’ blockchain platform validates claims data in real-time, which greatly reduces fraud potential from duplicate claims filing, for example. Claims are also processed faster for their 200,000+ customers. The platform also removes the need to reconcile claims data across parties such as insurers and medical service providers. Medical practitioners such as doctors and chiropractors who don’t employ many admin support staff could save time and money by partnering with Blue Cross.
Blue Cross’ blockchain platform is built on Hyperledger. Blue Cross is owned by Bank of East Asia.

Insurwave

Insurwave is a blockchain-based marine hull insurance platform launched in 2018. The platform was a collaboration among Ernst & Young, Guardtime, Maersk, Microsoft, and ACORD. It was built on R3’s Corda platform.
Insurwave provides real-time information on ships’ location, condition, and safety factors that both insurers and customers can access. If ships enter high-risk areas, Insurwave automatically factors this into underwriting and pricing calculations.
Premium calculations for this type of insurance are very complex. Having an immutable audit trail for ship-specific information substantially eases this calculation, enables accurate pricing, and speeds up underwriting. Insurers are also able to better account for ship-specific risks.

The Future of Blockchain in Insurance

These are still early days. Most of the work around blockchain in insurance is in the Proof of Concept stage and regulation is slowly catching up. However, we have already seen some applications that have gone live.
The ‘quickest win’ for blockchain in insurance is in the area of cost control. Rising costs are hitting insurers across most markets. Blockchain platforms and Dapps that allow firms to free up resources by automating claims management, fraud detection and data reconciliation, for example, will be heartily endorsed by executives.
The real win will be when blockchain platforms enable insurers to create better products and onboard customers faster — things that bring in revenue. For this to happen, we need a more robust ecosystem of insurers, reinsurers, tech companies and service providers working together on industry-standard blockchain platforms.
This has already started with software companies like R3 launching enterprise-grade blockchain platforms such as Corda Enterprise. We also have leading insurers involved in B3i that share common goals related to blockchain development. It remains to be seen if these natural competitors share enough long-term interests to sustain the initiative. If not, industry-wide blockchain adoption may take longer and become more fragmented.
However, the benefits are too obvious to ignore. We will probably see a few committed companies invest early in blockchain and enjoy a short period of above-normal performance, with early adoption coming from mature markets burdened with high costs as well as some parts of Southeast Asia (e.g. China, which proactively adopts tech). The rest of the industry will follow.
submitted by BlockDotCo to u/BlockDotCo [link] [comments]

Anyone still under the illusion of Microsoft having been transformed into a kinder, more mutually beneficial partner, please read this patent.

WO2020060606 - CRYPTOCURRENCY SYSTEM USING BODY ACTIVITY DATA
https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2020060606&tab=PCTDESCRIPTION
Before reading the following excerpts, keep this sequence of events in mind:
Master Slave (and we're not referring to HDDs here)
Step one: patent technology
Step two: sell slave IoT devices to consumers who readily purchase them especially after being promised that they'll be rewarded in cryotocurrency for their data.
Step three: collect data via Azure on unsuspecting human subjects' fMRI, EEG, body temperatures, EKG, sleep data, digitized health care information, consumer purchasing habits, reading and viewing preferences, social media activity and correlate with activities performed (tasks).
Step four: Use data to refine AI to profile human behavior, predict behavior and refine mind reading capabilities.
This article is actually incorporated in the patent!
https://news.berkeley.edu/2011/09/22/brain-movies/ Scientists use brain imaging to reveal the movies in our mind
Step five: Institute centralized global cryptocurrency financial system with no other alternatives in which to transact legally.
https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/4nag4b/1988_economist_cover_predicting_a_world_currency/
https://www.economist.com/finance-and-economics/1998/09/24/one-world-one-money
Step six: To understand step six, Read George Orwell's "1984" or review the concept of an individual's freedoms being based not on the concept of natural rights but on their social credit scores.
Thank you Microsoft, Google, Apple, Amazon, Facebook.
Now the patent excerpts:
CRYPTOCURRENCY SYSTEM USING BODY ACTIVITY DATA
BACKGROUND [0001] A virtual currency (also known as a digital currency) is a medium of exchange implemented through the Internet generally, not tied to a specific government-backed “flat” (printed) currency such as the U.S. dollar or the Euro, and typically designed to allow instantaneous transactions and borderless transfer of ownership. One example of virtual currency is cryptocurrency, wherein cryptography is used to secure transactions and to control the creation of new units. [0002] Several cryptocurrencies exist. Among these, the most well known is a blockchain-based cryptocurrency. Most blockchain-based cryptocurrency is decentralized in the sense that it has no central point of control.
However, blockchain-based cryptocurrency can also be implemented in a centralized system having a central point of control over the cryptocurrency.
Bitcoin is one of the examples of blockchain-based cryptocurrency. It is described in a 2008 article by Satoshi Nakamoto, named“Bitcoin: A peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System”.
[0003] A blockchain is a data structure that stores a list of transactions and can be thought of as a distributed electronic ledger that records transactions between source identifier(s) and destination identifier(s). The transactions are bundled into blocks and every block (except for the first block) refers back to or is linked to a prior block in the blockchain. Computer resources (or nodes, etc.) maintain the blockchain and cryptographically validate each new block and the transactions contained in the corresponding block. This validation process includes computationally solving a difficult problem that is also easy to verify and is sometimes called a“proof-of-work”. This process is referred to as“mining”. The mining may be a random process with low probability so that a lot of trial and error is required to solve a computationally difficult problem. Accordingly, the mining may require enormous amounts of computational energy. [0004] It is with respect to these and other general considerations that the following embodiments have been described. Also, although relatively specific problems have been discussed, it should be understood that the embodiments should not be limited to solving the specific problems identified in the background.
SUMMARY
[0005] Some exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure may use human body activity associated with a task provided to a user as a solution to“mining” challenges in cryptocurrency systems. For example, a brain wave or body heat emitted from the user when the user performs the task provided by an information or service provider, such as viewing advertisement or using certain internet services, can be used in the mining process. Instead of massive computation work required by some conventional cryptocurrency systems, data generated based on the body activity of the user can be a proof-of-work, and therefore, a user can solve the computationally difficult problem unconsciously. Accordingly, certain exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure may reduce computational energy for the mining process as well as make the mining process faster.
[0006] Systems, methods, and hardware aspects of computer readable storage media are provided herein for a cryptocurrency system using human body activity data. According to various embodiments of the present disclosure, a server may provide a task to a device of a user which is communicatively coupled to the server. A sensor communicatively coupled to or comprised in the device of the user may sense body activity of the user. Body activity data may be generated based on the sensed body activity of the user. A cryptocurrency system communicatively coupled to the device of the user may verify whether or not the body activity data satisfies one or more conditions set by the cryptocurrency system, and award cryptocurrency to the user whose body activity data is verified.
[0007] Examples are implemented as a computer process, a computing system, or as an article of manufacture such as a device, computer program product, or computer readable medium. According to one aspect, the computer program product is a computer storage medium readable by a computer system and encoding a computer program comprising instructions for executing a computer process. [0008] This summary is provided to introduce a selection of concepts in a simplified form that are further described below in the Detailed Description. This summary is not intended to identify key features or essential features of the claimed subject matter, nor is it intended to be used to limit the scope of the claimed subject matter.
decentralized cryptocurrency networks or databases.
[0021] FIG. 1 illustrates an example environment 100 in which some exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure may be practiced. The example environment 100 includes, but is not limited to, at least one of task server 110, communication network 120, user device 130, sensor 140, and cryptocurrency system 150. [0022] Task server 110 may provide one or more tasks to user device 130 over communication network 120. For example, task server 110 may be at least one of a web server delivering or serving up web pages, an application server handling application operations between users and applications or databases, a cloud server, a database server, a file server, a service server, a game server implementing games or services for a game, and a media server delivering media such as streaming video or audio. The tasks provided by task server 110 will be discussed in more detail below.
[0023] Alternatively, cryptocurrency system 150 may provide one or more tasks to user device 130. For example, in a decentralized cryptocurrency network, the tasks may be proposed to user device 130 by miners (e.g. compute resources or nodes 210 of FIG. 2). In another example, in a centralized cryptocurrency system, a cryptocurrency server may send the tasks to user device 130.
[0024] Communication network 120 may include any wired or wireless connection, the internet, or any other form of communication. Although one network 120 is identified in FIG. 1, communication network 120 may include any number of different communication networks between any of the server, devices, resource and system shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 and/or other servers, devices, resources and systems described herein. Communication network 120 may enable communication between various computing resources or devices, servers, and systems. Various implementations of communication network 120 may employ different types of networks, for example, but not limited to, computer networks, telecommunications networks (e.g., cellular), mobile wireless data networks, and any combination of these and/or other networks. [0025] User device 130 may include any device capable of processing and storing data/information and communicating over communication network 120. For example, user device 130 may include personal computers, servers, cell phones, tablets, laptops, smart devices (e.g. smart watches or smart televisions). An exemplary embodiment of user device 130 is illustrated in FIG. 6.
[0026] Sensor 140 may be configured to sense the body activity of user 145. As illustrated in FIG. 1, sensor 140 may be a separate component from user device 130 and be operably and/or communicatively connected to user device 130. Alternatively, sensor 140 may be included and integrated in user device 130. For example, user device 130 may be a wearable device having sensor 140 therein. The sensor 140 may transmit information/data to user device 130. Sensor 140 may include, for example, but not limited to, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scanners or sensors, electroencephalography (EEG) sensors, near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) sensors, heart rate monitors, thermal sensors, optical sensors, radio frequency (RF) sensors, ultrasonic sensors, cameras, or any other sensor or scanner that can measure or sense body activity or scan human body. For instance, the fMRI may measure body activity by detecting changes associated with blood flow. The fMRI may use a magnetic field and radio waves to create detailed images of the body (e.g. blood flow in the brain to detect areas of activity). The material (http://news.berkely.edu/20l l/09/22/brain-movies/) shows one example of how the fMRI can measure brain activity associated with visual information and generate image data.
[0027] Cryptocurrency system 150 may include one or more processors for processing commands and one or more memories storing information in one or more cryptocurrency data structures. In some embodiments, cryptocurrency system 150 may be a centralized cryptocurrency system or network, for example, but not limited to, a server which may be privately run by a third party entity or the same entity that is running the task server 110. In other embodiments, cryptocurrency system 150 may be a publically accessible network system (e.g., a distributed decentralized computing system).
https://news.berkeley.edu/2011/09/22/brain-movies/ Scientists use brain imaging to reveal the movies in our mind
WO2020060606 - CRYPTOCURRENCY SYSTEM USING BODY ACTIVITY DATA
https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2020060606&tab=PCTDESCRIPTION
Applicants * MICROSOFT TECHNOLOGY LICENSING, LLC[US/US]; One Microsoft Way Redmond, Washington 98052-6399, US
CRYPTOCURRENCY SYSTEM USING BODY ACTIVITY DATA
BACKGROUND [0001] A virtual currency (also known as a digital currency) is a medium of exchange implemented through the Internet generally, not tied to a specific government-backed “flat” (printed) currency such as the U.S. dollar or the Euro, and typically designed to allow instantaneous transactions and borderless transfer of ownership. One example of virtual currency is cryptocurrency, wherein cryptography is used to secure transactions and to control the creation of new units. [0002] Several cryptocurrencies exist. Among these, the most well known is a blockchain-based cryptocurrency. Most blockchain-based cryptocurrency is decentralized in the sense that it has no central point of control.
However, blockchain-based cryptocurrency can also be implemented in a centralized system having a central point of control over the cryptocurrency.
Bitcoin is one of the examples of blockchain-based cryptocurrency. It is described in a 2008 article by Satoshi Nakamoto, named“Bitcoin: A peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System”.
[0003] A blockchain is a data structure that stores a list of transactions and can be thought of as a distributed electronic ledger that records transactions between source identifier(s) and destination identifier(s). The transactions are bundled into blocks and every block (except for the first block) refers back to or is linked to a prior block in the blockchain. Computer resources (or nodes, etc.) maintain the blockchain and cryptographically validate each new block and the transactions contained in the corresponding block. This validation process includes computationally solving a difficult problem that is also easy to verify and is sometimes called a“proof-of-work”. This process is referred to as“mining”. The mining may be a random process with low probability so that a lot of trial and error is required to solve a computationally difficult problem. Accordingly, the mining may require enormous amounts of computational energy.
[0004] It is with respect to these and other general considerations that the following embodiments have been described. Also, although relatively specific problems have been discussed, it should be understood that the embodiments should not be limited to solving the specific problems identified in the background.
SUMMARY
[0005] Some exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure may use human body activity associated with a task provided to a user as a solution to“mining” challenges in cryptocurrency systems. For example, a brain wave or body heat emitted from the user when the user performs the task provided by an information or service provider, such as viewing advertisement or using certain internet services, can be used in the mining process. Instead of massive computation work required by some conventional cryptocurrency systems, data generated based on the body activity of the user can be a proof-of-work, and therefore, a user can solve the computationally difficult problem unconsciously. Accordingly, certain exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure may reduce computational energy for the mining process as well as make the mining process faster.
[0006] Systems, methods, and hardware aspects of computer readable storage media are provided herein for a cryptocurrency system using human body activity data. According to various embodiments of the present disclosure, a server may provide a task to a device of a user which is communicatively coupled to the server. A sensor communicatively coupled to or comprised in the device of the user may sense body activity of the user. Body activity data may be generated based on the sensed body activity of the user. A cryptocurrency system communicatively coupled to the device of the user may verify whether or not the body activity data satisfies one or more conditions set by the cryptocurrency system, and award cryptocurrency to the user whose body activity data is verified.
[0007] Examples are implemented as a computer process, a computing system, or as an article of manufacture such as a device, computer program product, or computer readable medium. According to one aspect, the computer program product is a computer storage medium readable by a computer system and encoding a computer program comprising instructions for executing a computer process.
[0008] This summary is provided to introduce a selection of concepts in a simplified form that are further described below in the Detailed Description. This summary is not intended to identify key features or essential features of the claimed subject matter, nor is it intended to be used to limit the scope of the claimed subject matter.
decentralized cryptocurrency networks or databases. [0021] FIG. 1 illustrates an example environment 100 in which some exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure may be practiced. The example environment 100 includes, but is not limited to, at least one of task server 110, communication network 120, user device 130, sensor 140, and cryptocurrency system 150.
[0022] Task server 110 may provide one or more tasks to user device 130 over communication network 120. For example, task server 110 may be at least one of a web server delivering or serving up web pages, an application server handling application operations between users and applications or databases, a cloud server, a database server, a file server, a service server, a game server implementing games or services for a game, and a media server delivering media such as streaming video or audio. The tasks provided by task server 110 will be discussed in more detail below.
[0023] Alternatively, cryptocurrency system 150 may provide one or more tasks to user device 130. For example, in a decentralized cryptocurrency network, the tasks may be proposed to user device 130 by miners (e.g. compute resources or nodes 210 of FIG. 2). In another example, in a centralized cryptocurrency system, a cryptocurrency server may send the tasks to user device 130.
[0024] Communication network 120 may include any wired or wireless connection, the internet, or any other form of communication. Although one network 120 is identified in FIG. 1, communication network 120 may include any number of different communication networks between any of the server, devices, resource and system shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 and/or other servers, devices, resources and systems described herein. Communication network 120 may enable communication between various computing resources or devices, servers, and systems. Various implementations of communication network 120 may employ different types of networks, for example, but not limited to, computer networks, telecommunications networks (e.g., cellular), mobile wireless data networks, and any combination of these and/or other networks.
[0025] User device 130 may include any device capable of processing and storing data/information and communicating over communication network 120. For example, user device 130 may include personal computers, servers, cell phones, tablets, laptops, smart devices (e.g. smart watches or smart televisions).
An exemplary embodiment of user device 130 is illustrated in FIG. 6.
[0026] Sensor 140 may be configured to sense the body activity of user 145. As illustrated in FIG. 1, sensor 140 may be a separate component from user device 130 and be operably and/or communicatively connected to user device 130. Alternatively, sensor 140 may be included and integrated in user device 130. For example, user device 130 may be a wearable device having sensor 140 therein. The sensor 140 may transmit information/data to user device 130. Sensor 140 may include, for example, but not limited to, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scanners or sensors, electroencephalography (EEG) sensors, near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) sensors, heart rate monitors, thermal sensors, optical sensors, radio frequency (RF) sensors, ultrasonic sensors, cameras, or any other sensor or scanner that can measure or sense body activity or scan human body. For instance, the fMRI may measure body activity by detecting changes associated with blood flow. The fMRI may use a magnetic field and radio waves to create detailed images of the body (e.g. blood flow in the brain to detect areas of activity). The material (http://news.berkely.edu/20l l/09/22/brain-movies/) shows one example of how the fMRI can measure brain activity associated with visual information and generate image data.
[0027] Cryptocurrency system 150 may include one or more processors for processing commands and one or more memories storing information in one or more cryptocurrency data structures. In some embodiments, cryptocurrency system 150 may be a centralized cryptocurrency system or network, for example, but not limited to, a server which may be privately run by a third party entity or the same entity that is running the task server 110. In other embodiments, cryptocurrency system 150 may be a publically accessible network system (e.g., a distributed decentralized computing system).
https://news.berkeley.edu/2011/09/22/brain-movies/ Scientists use brain imaging to reveal the movies in our mind
submitted by snowboardnirvana to MVIS [link] [comments]

Strengthening Data Security Using Blockchain

https://www.cxotoday.com/news-analysis/strengthening-data-security-using-blockchain/
With businesses across the world riding the digital wave, data will be a key competitive differentiator in their successful transformation stories. Besides the massive data deluge, with the advent of hybrid cloud business models today, data goes beyond the perimeter of an organization. While data leaks and hacks can prove to be hazardous for any organization, it would especially be damaging in cases where data is centralized. This leads to a powerful shift in the paradigm for decentralized and distributed ledger technology (DLT) applications.
Security ‘hexad’ using blockchain
Blockchain is a foundational technology that has the potential to revolutionize the world, similar to what the internet did in the past. The information security triad can be enhanced to a ‘hexad’ with blockchain-based decentralized data security for enterprises.
The decentralized immutable distributed-ledger technology on a peer-to-peer (P2P) network based on cryptographic concepts and consensus algorithms uses a cryptographic one-way hash, internally which helps to identify any alteration done to the blockchain data making it more transparent, reliable, trustable and independent also ensuring data integrity.
Asymmetric encryption with public-private key pair is used for making transactions on the ledger providing non-repudiation, and accountability. Since data is distributed on a P2P network (ensuring availability), there’s no single point of failure making it difficult for hackers to tamper data at multiple places. Consensus algorithms, or conditions on which a group agrees to put transactions in blockchain, help in decentralized distribution of power and forms the base of trust.
Permissioned blockchain (example Hyper-ledger Fabric) are kind of hybrid models where networks require participants to have authorization for access thus ensuring privacy. These could be used by multiple organizations participating in the blockchain network forming a consortium in a decentralized way while maintaining confidentiality. Fine-grained access control and data sharing mechanisms ensure that confidential data is shared only among the intended audience. While permission-less blockchain (example Bitcoin) have data publicly available to view, it would have computing intensive or complex powerful consensus algorithms to validate and update ledgers in order to deter DOS (Denial-of-service) attacks.
Data once entered in a blockchain network is immutable, i.e. not changeable until more than one-third of the network is compromised, which would ideally not be the case in a P2P distributed network. This also helps in establishing trust between unknown parties without the need for intermediaries, further reducing transactional and operational costs.
When data goes beyond the perimeter, organizations can be sure that data is unaltered, not accessed by cloud vendors or anyone else ensuring privacy and integrity. Confidential agreements could be on blockchain using smart contracts which execute automatically when consensus conditions are met. Any litigation or disputes raised could be easily settled real-time, thus establishing accountability. The features in the hexad, along with immutable data in blockchain, make auditing easy and reliable.
Reducing cyberattacks and enhancing security
When a request is placed on a browser, it sends it to a network of computers called Domain Naming System (DNS). DNS is like a phonebook for the internet. It resolves the website to an IP address which helps in connecting to the right server on the internet. Typically, DNS servers are centralized by nature. Making DNS decentralized and distributed using blockchain could reduce cyberattacks and enhance security.
Multi-layered security frameworks based on blockchain technology decentralize the risk and reduce sophisticated phishing attacks for organizations. Encrypted data, decentralized storage and publicly visible ledgers (for transparency) can instill a new set of cybersecurity priorities for governments and other public institutions, while private and permissioned blockchain help in transforming the enterprise data operational models.
Identity verification procedures provided by authorized institutions on blockchain network help for secure and reliable validation and sharing of information. Device identity on blockchain for IoT security can reduce device impersonation and spoofing attacks. End users who worry about the security of their digital footprint can be self-sovereign, i.e., own data and share on need basis on a decentralized internet using blockchain. This also makes customers active stakeholders and can change how organizations handle information from everybody who interacts with their network, transforming the business models.
Blockchain- now and the future
Hyper-ledger umbrella is a global open source collaborative effort hosted by the Linux Foundation for multiple blockchain projects, libraries and tools for various enterprise and industrial deployments. Blockstack is an open source blockchain-based decentralized computing platform which provides a full- stack alternative to traditional cloud computing for building secure decentralized applications.
US space-agency NASA utilizes blockchain technology open source permissioned network for tracking air-traffic to curb cyberattacks on aerospace agents. This is to enhance privacy and security of aircraft data for corporate and military flight operations, helping in preventing unwarranted public access to confidential data. NASA has also signed up for an autonomous spacecraft project based on blockchain along with AI, networking and sensor-based technologies.
Certain quantum computing techniques have the potential to break the cryptography algorithms used in blockchain but less likely in permission blockchain since the participants are verified and authorized. The solution is to build quantum-resistant ledgers. Enterprises adopting this technology need to pick appropriate use cases to get maximum benefit.
In the future, world trade, tokenization of valuable assets, self-sovereign digital identity, public sector facilities and benefits, health-care data, strengthening security, congruence of IoT, AI and blockchain for autonomous decentralized products and services are likely to have wide adoption in real-time based on blockchain technology.
Enterprises with hybrid cloud models adopting blockchain for data security can be confident about their data security even beyond the perimeter, and ensure required audit and compliances with reduced costs. The disruptive and transformative potential of blockchain technology in enhancing data security will enable the emergence of new models, helping in digitally transforming the ecosystem for the better of the world.
submitted by BlockDotCo to u/BlockDotCo [link] [comments]

THE RIGHT OF DIGITAL INTEGRITY

TREATY ON THE RIGHT OF DIGITAL INTEGRITY By Mario Rocha, April 2020.
Any type of society belonging to a democratic state of law, whose interactions have spread in a digitally open society, will inherently be expanding the sphere and legal personality of each and every one of its members. Therefore, the right to the protection of digital integrity, together with the rights to physical and emotional integrity, is part of the human rights, fundamental and individual guarantees, of the human being.
The right to the digital integrity of the human being, makes it possible to claim the rights to privacy in informative self-determination, autonomy and freedom of choice. The right to digital integrity becomes a general justification for all data protection principles and rules, changing the purpose and legal interpretations to the protection of the digital individual, rather than just protecting data.
Guaranteeing the protection of the right to digital privacy is only possible through freedom of use and the exercise of the act of encrypting. Exercising the right to encrypt is the only act that guarantees us digital enjoyment of both the rights of privacy and the rights of freedom of expression; since in the act of encrypting we confer privacy on free expression. Privacy gives us the power to selectively reveal ourselves to the entire world, thereby guaranteeing our identity in any type of publication, communication, exchange and transaction. These fundamental rights are not negotiable, they do not admit weighting between them or against others. They are fundamental to freedom in a digitally open society.
The power of these rights is only conferred to those who defend them, through their practice and use, in accordance with a contract of social adherence, open to the entire world and for a digital society that knows no borders or delimitations, so a state finds no use; where the transfer of property and value only involves the beneficiaries, so no institution or trusted intermediaries are necessary; where chaos is actively regulated by each and every one of its members, so any type of government finds no purpose.
This social and economic revolution is inherent in a permanently digital society, and integrates its followers in an individual, free, secret act of common interest in the action of encryption. Guaranteeing digital integrity by permanently exercising the right to encrypt all digital interaction, extinguishes all digital types of: slavery, violence, repression, coercion, persecution, discrimination and xenophobia; therefore, the enjoyment of digital integrity and your digital rights are guaranteed to: Wealth, Security, Privacy, Equality, Suffrage, Freedom of expression and Freedom of communication.
Just as states guarantee their right to privacy, freedom, autonomy and existence through governmental and institutional control of their currency, in the same way a digitally open, free and autonomous society has the right to guarantee their autarchy, autonomy and existence, through a digital economy based on intellectual resources inherent to the digital society itself, all these resources, such as their equivalence, representation and exchange, must be through a HARD CRYPTOCURRENCY coin.
A HARD CRYPTOCURRENCY must be decentralized to the states, governments, institutions and individuals; Be useful without the need for trusted intermediaries; Be autonomous in its emission and destruction; Be deflationary through finite quantitative tightening; Be from public records and verifications; And be completely irreversible in your transactions and proof of double spending.
The active coexistence of both currencies does not threaten their own stocks, since in their issues, contents, forms and profits, they find different purposes. While a FIAT currency will always be necessary to continue with the social contract between the states and their citizens, a HARD CRYPTOCURRENCY will always be necessary to establish and continue the social contract between digital individuals.
For a digital economy of intellectual resources to be incorruptible and guarantee its continuity and existence in freedom, autarky and autonomy; It will not admit, nor will it recognize in any way, any type of financial instruments related to options, parity, collaterals, titles, bonds, futures, synthetics and derivatives; Nor does it admit or recognize in any way, any type of financial mechanism related to the policies of fractional reserve banking, expansion of deposits and leverage. In this way it is guaranteed that the creation and generation of new and own wealth will only be alone and through effort and work, applied to time, the latter being the most valuable asset in the entire world.
The digital integrity in all its forms and all its contents, must guarantee the security of the encryption, normalizing that all types of encryption must be from HARD CRYPTOGRAPHY, it must be composed and integrated, by data authentication only by the beneficiary and through the use of end-to-end encryption multilayers, with asymmetric elliptic curve cryptography or higher. Digital integrity in all its forms and content, must guarantee freedom, equality, privacy and security, in the access and use of individuals to the HARD CRYPTOGRAPHY, normalizing that the beneficiary is the only one who has access and the right to the creation, administration and custody of your own public and private keys and their derivations.
Digital integrity in forms and content of digital privacy, must guarantee equality, privacy and security, in the protection of digital data, normalizing that all programming codes and data transfer protocols, enable communications, exchanges, transactions, own records and digital identities; are carried out with HARD CRYPTOGRAPHY.
The digital integrity in forms and contents of digital communications, must guarantee the equality, security and privacy of internet users, normalizing that all kinds of internet connections made through the OS, APPS and BROWSERS, are made alone and through the TOR network or through VPNs with HARD CRYPTOGRAPHY.
The digital integrity in forms and content of data protection, must guarantee the equality, privacy and security of legal persons, normalizing that all kinds of interactions and digital exchanges, messaging, communications and streaming, are carried out alone and through networks P2P with hard encryption. In the same way, normalizing the sending and receiving of e-mails using digital signatures and encryption with HARD CRYPTOGRAPHY or PGP.
The digital integrity in forms and contents of the digital consumer, must guarantee the security, equality and privacy of software consumers, normalizing that the public offer of any type of APPS and OS, is conditioned to the publication of all the integral programming code from the APPS and OS, in any public repository of OPEN SOURCE and FREE SOFTWARE.
The digital integrity in forms and digital mercantile content, must guarantee the equality, security and privacy of digital transactions, normalizing that all types of transmission of value and digital property are made possible through a HARD CRYPTOCURRENCY or BITCOIN; And establish all kinds of contractual relationships, agreements, files and registration, alone and through the SMART CONTRACT in BLOCKCHAIN.
The digital integrity in digital author forms and contents, must guarantee the equality and security of the digital author registers, normalizing that all kinds of intellectual resources are made possible to be published, registered and licensed, under the desired concepts of FREE CONTENT, OPEN CONTENT, COPYLEFT, CREATIVE COMMONS and GNU in GPL AND GFDL.
Both the democratic states of law, which do not include in their legal framework, the fundamental rights to the protection of digital integrity; As individuals, they do not permanently exercise their right to encrypt. They will abandon each and every one of the members who extend their interactions to a digitally open society, to be permanently classified, guarded, controlled, manipulated, monetized and commercialized, by any type of: states, governments, authorities, corporations and legal persons; through their own devices, communications, applications, searches, publications, consumption, registration accounts and any type of health records and digital identity.
submitted by pimpoloo to RightToEncryption [link] [comments]

Digital integrity

TREATY ON THE RIGHT OF DIGITAL INTEGRITY By Mario Rocha, April 2020.
Any type of society belonging to a democratic state of law, whose interactions have spread in a digitally open society, will inherently be expanding the sphere and legal personality of each and every one of its members. Therefore, the right to the protection of digital integrity, together with the rights to physical and emotional integrity, is part of the human rights, fundamental and individual guarantees, of the human being.
The right to the digital integrity of the human being, makes it possible to claim the rights to privacy in informative self-determination, autonomy and freedom of choice. The right to digital integrity becomes a general justification for all data protection principles and rules, changing the purpose and legal interpretations to the protection of the digital individual, rather than just protecting data.
Guaranteeing the protection of the right to digital privacy is only possible through freedom of use and the exercise of the act of encrypting. Exercising the right to encrypt is the only act that guarantees us digital enjoyment of both the rights of privacy and the rights of freedom of expression; since in the act of encrypting we confer privacy on free expression. Privacy gives us the power to selectively reveal ourselves to the entire world, thereby guaranteeing our identity in any type of publication, communication, exchange and transaction. These fundamental rights are not negotiable, they do not admit weighting between them or against others. They are fundamental to freedom in a digitally open society.
The power of these rights is only conferred to those who defend them, through their practice and use, in accordance with a contract of social adherence, open to the entire world and for a digital society that knows no borders or delimitations, so a state finds no use; where the transfer of property and value only involves the beneficiaries, so no institution or trusted intermediaries are necessary; where chaos is actively regulated by each and every one of its members, so any type of government finds no purpose.
This social and economic revolution is inherent in a permanently digital society, and integrates its followers in an individual, free, secret act of common interest in the action of encryption. Guaranteeing digital integrity by permanently exercising the right to encrypt all digital interaction, extinguishes all digital types of: slavery, violence, repression, coercion, persecution, discrimination and xenophobia; therefore, the enjoyment of digital integrity and your digital rights are guaranteed to: Wealth, Security, Privacy, Equality, Suffrage, Freedom of expression and Freedom of communication.
Just as states guarantee their right to privacy, freedom, autonomy and existence through governmental and institutional control of their currency, in the same way a digitally open, free and autonomous society has the right to guarantee their autarchy, autonomy and existence, through a digital economy based on intellectual resources inherent to the digital society itself, all these resources, such as their equivalence, representation and exchange, must be through a HARD CRYPTOCURRENCY coin.
A HARD CRYPTOCURRENCY must be decentralized to the states, governments, institutions and individuals; Be useful without the need for trusted intermediaries; Be autonomous in its emission and destruction; Be deflationary through finite quantitative tightening; Be from public records and verifications; And be completely irreversible in your transactions and proof of double spending.
The active coexistence of both currencies does not threaten their own stocks, since in their issues, contents, forms and profits, they find different purposes. While a FIAT currency will always be necessary to continue with the social contract between the states and their citizens, a HARD CRYPTOCURRENCY will always be necessary to establish and continue the social contract between digital individuals.
For a digital economy of intellectual resources to be incorruptible and guarantee its continuity and existence in freedom, autarky and autonomy; It will not admit, nor will it recognize in any way, any type of financial instruments related to options, parity, collaterals, titles, bonds, futures, synthetics and derivatives; Nor does it admit or recognize in any way, any type of financial mechanism related to the policies of fractional reserve banking, expansion of deposits and leverage. In this way it is guaranteed that the creation and generation of new and own wealth will only be alone and through effort and work, applied to time, the latter being the most valuable asset in the entire world.
The digital integrity in all its forms and all its contents, must guarantee the security of the encryption, normalizing that all types of encryption must be from HARD CRYPTOGRAPHY, it must be composed and integrated, by data authentication only by the beneficiary and through the use of end-to-end encryption multilayers, with asymmetric elliptic curve cryptography or higher. Digital integrity in all its forms and content, must guarantee freedom, equality, privacy and security, in the access and use of individuals to the HARD CRYPTOGRAPHY, normalizing that the beneficiary is the only one who has access and the right to the creation, administration and custody of your own public and private keys and their derivations.
Digital integrity in forms and content of digital privacy, must guarantee equality, privacy and security, in the protection of digital data, normalizing that all programming codes and data transfer protocols, enable communications, exchanges, transactions, own records and digital identities; are carried out with HARD CRYPTOGRAPHY.
The digital integrity in forms and contents of digital communications, must guarantee the equality, security and privacy of internet users, normalizing that all kinds of internet connections made through the OS, APPS and BROWSERS, are made alone and through the TOR network or through VPNs with HARD CRYPTOGRAPHY.
The digital integrity in forms and content of data protection, must guarantee the equality, privacy and security of legal persons, normalizing that all kinds of interactions and digital exchanges, messaging, communications and streaming, are carried out alone and through networks P2P with hard encryption. In the same way, normalizing the sending and receiving of e-mails using digital signatures and encryption with HARD CRYPTOGRAPHY or PGP.
The digital integrity in forms and contents of the digital consumer, must guarantee the security, equality and privacy of software consumers, normalizing that the public offer of any type of APPS and OS, is conditioned to the publication of all the integral programming code from the APPS and OS, in any public repository of OPEN SOURCE and FREE SOFTWARE.
The digital integrity in forms and digital mercantile content, must guarantee the equality, security and privacy of digital transactions, normalizing that all types of transmission of value and digital property are made possible through a HARD CRYPTOCURRENCY or BITCOIN; And establish all kinds of contractual relationships, agreements, files and registration, alone and through the SMART CONTRACT in BLOCKCHAIN.
The digital integrity in digital author forms and contents, must guarantee the equality and security of the digital author registers, normalizing that all kinds of intellectual resources are made possible to be published, registered and licensed, under the desired concepts of FREE CONTENT, OPEN CONTENT, COPYLEFT, CREATIVE COMMONS and GNU in GPL AND GFDL.
Both the democratic states of law, which do not include in their legal framework, the fundamental rights to the protection of digital integrity; As individuals, they do not permanently exercise their right to encrypt. They will abandon each and every one of the members who extend their interactions to a digitally open society, to be permanently classified, guarded, controlled, manipulated, monetized and commercialized, by any type of: states, governments, authorities, corporations and legal persons; through their own devices, communications, applications, searches, publications, consumption, registration accounts and any type of health records and digital identity.
submitted by pimpoloo to humanRightsLiberties [link] [comments]

THE RIGHT OF DIGITAL INTEGRITY

TREATY ON THE RIGHT OF DIGITAL INTEGRITY By Mario Rocha, April 2020.
Any type of society belonging to a democratic state of law, whose interactions have spread in a digitally open society, will inherently be expanding the sphere and legal personality of each and every one of its members. Therefore, the right to the protection of digital integrity, together with the rights to physical and emotional integrity, is part of the human rights, fundamental and individual guarantees, of the human being.
The right to the digital integrity of the human being, makes it possible to claim the rights to privacy in informative self-determination, autonomy and freedom of choice. The right to digital integrity becomes a general justification for all data protection principles and rules, changing the purpose and legal interpretations to the protection of the digital individual, rather than just protecting data.
Guaranteeing the protection of the right to digital privacy is only possible through freedom of use and the exercise of the act of encrypting. Exercising the right to encrypt is the only act that guarantees us digital enjoyment of both the rights of privacy and the rights of freedom of expression; since in the act of encrypting we confer privacy on free expression. Privacy gives us the power to selectively reveal ourselves to the entire world, thereby guaranteeing our identity in any type of publication, communication, exchange and transaction. These fundamental rights are not negotiable, they do not admit weighting between them or against others. They are fundamental to freedom in a digitally open society.
The power of these rights is only conferred to those who defend them, through their practice and use, in accordance with a contract of social adherence, open to the entire world and for a digital society that knows no borders or delimitations, so a state finds no use; where the transfer of property and value only involves the beneficiaries, so no institution or trusted intermediaries are necessary; where chaos is actively regulated by each and every one of its members, so any type of government finds no purpose.
This social and economic revolution is inherent in a permanently digital society, and integrates its followers in an individual, free, secret act of common interest in the action of encryption. Guaranteeing digital integrity by permanently exercising the right to encrypt all digital interaction, extinguishes all digital types of: slavery, violence, repression, coercion, persecution, discrimination and xenophobia; therefore, the enjoyment of digital integrity and your digital rights are guaranteed to: Wealth, Security, Privacy, Equality, Suffrage, Freedom of expression and Freedom of communication.
Just as states guarantee their right to privacy, freedom, autonomy and existence through governmental and institutional control of their currency, in the same way a digitally open, free and autonomous society has the right to guarantee their autarchy, autonomy and existence, through a digital economy based on intellectual resources inherent to the digital society itself, all these resources, such as their equivalence, representation and exchange, must be through a HARD CRYPTOCURRENCY coin.
A HARD CRYPTOCURRENCY must be decentralized to the states, governments, institutions and individuals; Be useful without the need for trusted intermediaries; Be autonomous in its emission and destruction; Be deflationary through finite quantitative tightening; Be from public records and verifications; And be completely irreversible in your transactions and proof of double spending.
The active coexistence of both currencies does not threaten their own stocks, since in their issues, contents, forms and profits, they find different purposes. While a FIAT currency will always be necessary to continue with the social contract between the states and their citizens, a HARD CRYPTOCURRENCY will always be necessary to establish and continue the social contract between digital individuals.
For a digital economy of intellectual resources to be incorruptible and guarantee its continuity and existence in freedom, autarky and autonomy; It will not admit, nor will it recognize in any way, any type of financial instruments related to options, parity, collaterals, titles, bonds, futures, synthetics and derivatives; Nor does it admit or recognize in any way, any type of financial mechanism related to the policies of fractional reserve banking, expansion of deposits and leverage. In this way it is guaranteed that the creation and generation of new and own wealth will only be alone and through effort and work, applied to time, the latter being the most valuable asset in the entire world.
The digital integrity in all its forms and all its contents, must guarantee the security of the encryption, normalizing that all types of encryption must be from HARD CRYPTOGRAPHY, it must be composed and integrated, by data authentication only by the beneficiary and through the use of end-to-end encryption multilayers, with asymmetric elliptic curve cryptography or higher. Digital integrity in all its forms and content, must guarantee freedom, equality, privacy and security, in the access and use of individuals to the HARD CRYPTOGRAPHY, normalizing that the beneficiary is the only one who has access and the right to the creation, administration and custody of your own public and private keys and their derivations.
Digital integrity in forms and content of digital privacy, must guarantee equality, privacy and security, in the protection of digital data, normalizing that all programming codes and data transfer protocols, enable communications, exchanges, transactions, own records and digital identities; are carried out with HARD CRYPTOGRAPHY.
The digital integrity in forms and contents of digital communications, must guarantee the equality, security and privacy of internet users, normalizing that all kinds of internet connections made through the OS, APPS and BROWSERS, are made alone and through the TOR network or through VPNs with HARD CRYPTOGRAPHY.
The digital integrity in forms and content of data protection, must guarantee the equality, privacy and security of legal persons, normalizing that all kinds of interactions and digital exchanges, messaging, communications and streaming, are carried out alone and through networks P2P with hard encryption. In the same way, normalizing the sending and receiving of e-mails using digital signatures and encryption with HARD CRYPTOGRAPHY or PGP.
The digital integrity in forms and contents of the digital consumer, must guarantee the security, equality and privacy of software consumers, normalizing that the public offer of any type of APPS and OS, is conditioned to the publication of all the integral programming code from the APPS and OS, in any public repository of OPEN SOURCE and FREE SOFTWARE.
The digital integrity in forms and digital mercantile content, must guarantee the equality, security and privacy of digital transactions, normalizing that all types of transmission of value and digital property are made possible through a HARD CRYPTOCURRENCY or BITCOIN; And establish all kinds of contractual relationships, agreements, files and registration, alone and through the SMART CONTRACT in BLOCKCHAIN.
The digital integrity in digital author forms and contents, must guarantee the equality and security of the digital author registers, normalizing that all kinds of intellectual resources are made possible to be published, registered and licensed, under the desired concepts of FREE CONTENT, OPEN CONTENT, COPYLEFT, CREATIVE COMMONS and GNU in GPL AND GFDL.
Both the democratic states of law, which do not include in their legal framework, the fundamental rights to the protection of digital integrity; As individuals, they do not permanently exercise their right to encrypt. They will abandon each and every one of the members who extend their interactions to a digitally open society, to be permanently classified, guarded, controlled, manipulated, monetized and commercialized, by any type of: states, governments, authorities, corporations and legal persons; through their own devices, communications, applications, searches, publications, consumption, registration accounts and any type of health records and digital identity.
submitted by pimpoloo to Gofis [link] [comments]

Microsoft patents scheme to usher in technocratic fascism via data from IoT sensor devices and centralized cryptocurrency system

WO2020060606 - CRYPTOCURRENCY SYSTEM USING BODY ACTIVITY DATA
https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2020060606&tab=PCTDESCRIPTION
Before reading the following excerpts, keep this sequence of events in mind:
Master Slave (and we're not referring to HDDs here)
Step one: patent technology
Step two: sell slave IoT devices to consumers who readily purchase them especially after being promised that they'll be rewarded in cryotocurrency for their data.
Step three: collect data via Microsoft Azure on unsuspecting human subjects' fMRI, EEG, body temperatures, EKG, sleep data, digitized health care information, consumer purchasing habits, reading and viewing preferences, social media activity and correlate with activities performed (tasks).
Step four: Use data to refine AI to profile human behavior, predict behavior and refine mind reading capabilities.
This article is actually incorporated in the patent!
https://news.berkeley.edu/2011/09/22/brain-movies/ Scientists use brain imaging to reveal the movies in our mind
Step five: Institute centralized global cryptocurrency financial system with no other alternatives in which to transact legally.
https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/4nag4b/1988_economist_cover_predicting_a_world_currency/
https://www.economist.com/finance-and-economics/1998/09/24/one-world-one-money
Step six: To understand step six, read George Orwell's "1984" or review the concept of an individual's freedoms being based not on the concept of natural rights but on their social credit scores.
Thank you Microsoft, Google, Apple, Amazon, Facebook.
Now the patent excerpts:
CRYPTOCURRENCY SYSTEM USING BODY ACTIVITY DATA BACKGROUND [0001] A virtual currency (also known as a digital currency) is a medium of exchange implemented through the Internet generally, not tied to a specific government-backed “flat” (printed) currency such as the U.S. dollar or the Euro, and typically designed to allow instantaneous transactions and borderless transfer of ownership. One example of virtual currency is cryptocurrency, wherein cryptography is used to secure transactions and to control the creation of new units. [0002] Several cryptocurrencies exist. Among these, the most well known is a blockchain-based cryptocurrency. Most blockchain-based cryptocurrency is decentralized in the sense that it has no central point of control.
However, blockchain-based cryptocurrency can also be implemented in a centralized system having a central point of control over the cryptocurrency.
Bitcoin is one of the examples of blockchain-based cryptocurrency. It is described in a 2008 article by Satoshi Nakamoto, named“Bitcoin: A peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System”.
[0003] A blockchain is a data structure that stores a list of transactions and can be thought of as a distributed electronic ledger that records transactions between source identifier(s) and destination identifier(s). The transactions are bundled into blocks and every block (except for the first block) refers back to or is linked to a prior block in the blockchain. Computer resources (or nodes, etc.) maintain the blockchain and cryptographically validate each new block and the transactions contained in the corresponding block. This validation process includes computationally solving a difficult problem that is also easy to verify and is sometimes called a“proof-of-work”. This process is referred to as“mining”. The mining may be a random process with low probability so that a lot of trial and error is required to solve a computationally difficult problem. Accordingly, the mining may require enormous amounts of computational energy.
[0004] It is with respect to these and other general considerations that the following embodiments have been described. Also, although relatively specific problems have been discussed, it should be understood that the embodiments should not be limited to solving the specific problems identified in the background.
SUMMARY
[0005] Some exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure may use human body activity associated with a task provided to a user as a solution to“mining” challenges in cryptocurrency systems.
For example, a brain wave or body heat emitted from the user when the user performs the task provided by an information or service provider, such as viewing advertisement or using certain internet services, can be used in the mining process. Instead of massive computation work required by some conventional cryptocurrency systems, data generated based on the body activity of the user can be a proof-of-work, and therefore, a user can solve the computationally difficult problem unconsciously. Accordingly, certain exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure may reduce computational energy for the mining process as well as make the mining process faster.
[0006] Systems, methods, and hardware aspects of computer readable storage media are provided herein for a cryptocurrency system using human body activity data. According to various embodiments of the present disclosure, a server may provide a task to a device of a user which is communicatively coupled to the server. A sensor communicatively coupled to or comprised in the device of the user may sense body activity of the user. Body activity data may be generated based on the sensed body activity of the user. A cryptocurrency system communicatively coupled to the device of the user may verify whether or not the body activity data satisfies one or more conditions set by the cryptocurrency system, and award cryptocurrency to the user whose body activity data is verified.
[0007] Examples are implemented as a computer process, a computing system, or as an article of manufacture such as a device, computer program product, or computer readable medium. According to one aspect, the computer program product is a computer storage medium readable by a computer system and encoding a computer program comprising instructions for executing a computer process.
[0008] This summary is provided to introduce a selection of concepts in a simplified form that are further described below in the Detailed Description. This summary is not intended to identify key features or essential features of the claimed subject matter, nor is it intended to be used to limit the scope of the claimed subject matter. decentralized cryptocurrency networks or databases.
[0021] FIG. 1 illustrates an example environment 100 in which some exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure may be practiced. The example environment 100 includes, but is not limited to, at least one of task server 110, communication network 120, user device 130, sensor 140, and cryptocurrency system 150.
[0022] Task server 110 may provide one or more tasks to user device 130 over communication network 120. For example, task server 110 may be at least one of a web server delivering or serving up web pages, an application server handling application operations between users and applications or databases, a cloud server, a database server, a file server, a service server, a game server implementing games or services for a game, and a media server delivering media such as streaming video or audio. The tasks provided by task server 110 will be discussed in more detail below.
[0023] Alternatively, cryptocurrency system 150 may provide one or more tasks to user device 130. For example, in a decentralized cryptocurrency network, the tasks may be proposed to user device 130 by miners (e.g. compute resources or nodes 210 of FIG. 2). In another example, in a centralized cryptocurrency system, a cryptocurrency server may send the tasks to user device 130.
[0024] Communication network 120 may include any wired or wireless connection, the internet, or any other form of communication. Although one network 120 is identified in FIG. 1, communication network 120 may include any number of different communication networks between any of the server, devices, resource and system shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 and/or other servers, devices, resources and systems described herein. Communication network 120 may enable communication between various computing resources or devices, servers, and systems. Various implementations of communication network 120 may employ different types of networks, for example, but not limited to, computer networks, telecommunications networks (e.g., cellular), mobile wireless data networks, and any combination of these and/or other networks. [0025] User device 130 may include any device capable of processing and storing data/information and communicating over communication network 120. For example, user device 130 may include personal computers, servers, cell phones, tablets, laptops, smart devices (e.g. smart watches or smart televisions). An exemplary embodiment of user device 130 is illustrated in FIG. 6.
[0026] Sensor 140 may be configured to sense the body activity of user 145. As illustrated in FIG. 1, sensor 140 may be a separate component from user device 130 and be operably and/or communicatively connected to user device 130. Alternatively, sensor 140 may be included and integrated in user device 130. For example, user device 130 may be a wearable device having sensor 140 therein. The sensor 140 may transmit information/data to user device 130. Sensor 140 may include, for example, but not limited to, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scanners or sensors, electroencephalography (EEG) sensors, near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) sensors, heart rate monitors, thermal sensors, optical sensors, radio frequency (RF) sensors, ultrasonic sensors, cameras, or any other sensor or scanner that can measure or sense body activity or scan human body. For instance, the fMRI may measure body activity by detecting changes associated with blood flow. The fMRI may use a magnetic field and radio waves to create detailed images of the body (e.g. blood flow in the brain to detect areas of activity).
The material (http://news.berkely.edu/20ll/09/22/brain-movies/) shows one example of how the fMRI can measure brain activity associated with visual information and generate image data.
[0027] Cryptocurrency system 150 may include one or more processors for processing commands and one or more memories storing information in one or more cryptocurrency data structures. In some embodiments, cryptocurrency system 150 may be a centralized cryptocurrency system or network, for example, but not limited to, a server which may be privately run by a third party entity or the same entity that is running the task server 110. In other embodiments, cryptocurrency system 150 may be a publically accessible network system (e.g., a distributed decentralized computing system).
https://news.berkeley.edu/2011/09/22/brain-movies/ Scientists use brain imaging to reveal the movies in our mind
submitted by snowboardnirvana to conspiracy [link] [comments]

[SHARE] Textbook Megathread #18 Free PDF

Download any of these for free at https://oppfiles.com/585933
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HEMODYNAMIC ROUNDS: INTERPRETATION OF CARDIAC PATHOPHYSIOLOGY FROM PRESSURE WAVEFORM ANALYSIS (4TH EDITION) – EBOOK INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION: EVERYDAY ENCOUNTERS (8TH EDITION) – EBOOK CFA PROGRAM CURRICULUM 2019 LEVEL II VOLUMES 1-6 – EBOOK HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT (15TH EDITION) – EBOOK ADVANCED AUTOMOTIVE ELECTRICITY AND ELECTRONICS (CDX LEARNING SYSTEMS MASTER AUTOMOTIVE TECHNICIAN) – EBOOK STUDY GUIDE FOR PHARMACOLOGY: A PATIENT-CENTERED NURSING PROCESS APPROACH (8TH EDITION) – PDF MANAGEMENT ACROSS CULTURES (AUSTRALASIAN EDITION) – EBOOK TAYLOR’S POWER LAW: ORDER AND PATTERN IN NATURE – EBOOK THE CAMBRIDGE HANDBOOK OF EXPERTISE AND EXPERT PERFORMANCE (2ND EDITION) – EBOOK DEVELOPING ONLINE COURSES IN NURSING EDUCATION (4TH EDITION) – EBOOK CERTIFIED ACADEMIC CLINICAL NURSE EDUCATOR (CNE®CL) REVIEW MANUAL – EBOOK A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO PERSONAL CONDITIONING – EBOOK CALLED TO ACCOUNT: FINANCIAL FRAUDS THAT SHAPED THE ACCOUNTING PROFESSION (3RD EDITION) – EBOOK AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS: 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Chinese Telecom Giant to Integrate Blockchain Technology Into 5G Systems

China Telecom, a leading Chinese telecommunications company, has revealed that blockchain technology will be massively integrated into its 5G systems as the revolutionary tech behind bitcoin (BTC) and altcoins. The firm says distributed ledger technology (DLT) would significantly enhance revenue sharing, billing, payments and more, in 5G systems, reports Securities Daily on May 11, 2020.

Blockchain to Make 5G Better

In an interview with the Chinese news source, Securities Daily, Liang Wei, Director of China Telecom Group’s Blockchain and Digital Economy Laboratory made it clear that 5G technology is already revolutionizing China’s digital economy and blockchain technology is being integrated into these systems due to its numerous technical characteristics.
5G, which is the latest upgrade to existing mobile technologies, brings greater speeds, low latency and increased bandwidth to connected devices, while also taking the internet of things (IoT) to a whole new level.
Wei has hinted that the integration of DLT into 5G systems will promote secure resource sharing and efficient collaboration among connected devices.
Wei said:
Blockchain technology can help achieve more efficient and safe 5G resource sharing and usage tracking. Decentralized protocol sharing and payments can be done automatically via smart contracts.

Decentralized Roaming and Network Slicing

What’s more, Wei says the integration of blockchain into 5G will further enhance international roaming services, as the information of users of each mobile network operator can be securely and seamlessly shared on the blockchain without third-party intervention, making automatic billing and payments possible.
Wei says blockchain smart contracts will also make network slicing more effective and efficient, as it will handle the request of each user. Splicing involves splitting the network architecture into slices to enable it to support a vast array of use cases.
The combination of 5G and blockchain technology is a future trend. DLT and 5G are mutually reinforcing and complementary. The realization of the Internet of Everything based on 5G can bring unlimited possibilities for the creation of IoT applications,” Wei added.
Despite the numerous benefits of 5G technology, the future looks very bleak for it as numerous scientists and health care practitioners have argued that 5G technology may come with significant health risks, and as such, a moratorium must be placed on its deployment while the government funds research activities to find out biological measures which could limit the adverse effects of this technology.
However, blockchain technology, on the other hand, has continued to establish itself across a vast array of industries in the global economy from trade finance to supply chain and logistics.
Originally published by Ogwu Osaemezu Emmanuel on May 11, 2020 BTCManager
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June 2018 Bitcoin Miner Exploit ( ADD 1 BTC DAILY ) #Unpatched HARDWARE BITCOIN BAINE WALLET GENERATOR - YouTube #DOGETEN WITHDRAW PROOF #2  BEST CLOUD MINING WEBSITE! BitConnect Wallet Not Syncing? The Fix! دوكوين مجانا

YouTube confirms that they are not banning crypto-related content after a wave of deletions this past week; YouTube has affirmed that crypto content is not being banned, and said Dash - Reinventing Cryptocurrency. Contribute to dashpay/dash development by creating an account on GitHub. Bitcoin is a gossip network: P2P nodes connect mostly randomly to each other and pass-on new information to each other as they receive it. That way, information floods through the network quickly: each step further increases the nodes that were informed exponentially (until most are). Drill into those connections to view the associated network performance such as latency and packet loss, and application process resource utilization metrics such as CPU and memory usage. Determine if process utilization or network performance is affecting the application and end-user performance. A: Today Pi is worth approximately 0$. similar to Bitcoin in 2008. Pi’s value will be backed by the time, attention, goods, and services offered by other members of the network Q: Why Pi has ads?

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June 2018 Bitcoin Miner Exploit ( ADD 1 BTC DAILY ) #Unpatched

bitcoin 8 active connections bitcoin 8600gt bitcoin 8.5 bitcoin 8800 gtx bitcoin 8800 gt bitcoin 8400gs bitcoin 8800 gts 8 bitcoins ... 0:14. FlatPyramid 3D Models Recommended for you. dogecoin 0 active connections 0.3 dogecoin dogecoin claim 0 minute 50 000 dogecoin to usd 0.1 dogecoin to usd 0.01 dogecoin to usd 0.2 dogecoin to usd 0.5 dogecoin to usd 0 dogecoins dogecoin 1 dollar This video is unavailable. Watch Queue Queue. Watch Queue Queue The CoinEx Ambassador Program is set up to acknowledge and support those active and committed leaders and influencers who will contribute to the CoinEx’s community. On Windows click start and write this %appdata% in the search bar and hit enter, then look for the bitconnectcoin folder and copy the file that you just downloaded into the bitconnectcoin folder ...

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